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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Induced family alienation: new data and new considerations on parental alienation. Part I. 372

Bruna B.W.
PhD in Law, president, the Institute of Family Law in Brazil , Brazil

The article publishes the results of the application in Brazil of a virtual questionnaire for brazilian children of divorced parents, whose object was the study of Parental Alienation. The research had as a starting point the studies of Richard Gardner on the Syndrome of the Parental Alienation and works of Amy Baker and Douglas Darnall. The author compiled a questionnaire designed for children of divorced parents, published on legal sites, social networks and in Brazilian blogs. The questionnaire collected quantitative and qualitative data indicating the expansion of the active and passive subjects of this practice (grandparents, brothers, stepfathers as agents and victims of alienation), reaffirms the degrees of strategies and practices (light, moderate and serious acts, causing psychological or non-psychological damage to children and adolescents) and scenarios where Parental Alienation can be glimpsed. The article analyzes the most important psychological concepts; summarizes the data obtained by the researcher as a result of the application of the questionnaire; proposes the new approach to the phenomenon of alienation as "forced family alienation".

Keywords: parental alienation, parental alienation syndrome, family living, psychological integrity, child and teenager.

Column: Foreign Studies in Legal Psychology


For Reference

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  2. Barbosa Luciana de Paula Gonçalves, Castro Beatriz Chaves Ros de. Parental alienation: a portrait of litigation and families in litigation. Brasília: Liber Livro, 2013. 188 p. 
  3. Gardner Richard A. Legal and psychotherapeutic approaches to the three types of parental alienation syndrome families: When Psychiatry and the Law Join Forces [Электронный ресурс] // Court Review. 1991. № 1. Vol. 28, Spring. P. 14—21. American Judges Association. URL: (дата обращения: 21.03.2018).
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  7. Palermo Roberta. Ex-husband, father present: tips not to fall into the trap of parental alienation. São Paulo: Mescla, 2012. 267 p. 
  8. Silva Denise Maria Perissini da. Legal psychology in the Brazilian civil process: the interface between psychology and law in family and childhood issues. 2. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Forense, 2012. 315 p. 
  9. Rodricues Maria Alice. Ramires Vera Regina Röhnelt. Parental alienation and the law: the judicialization of family relations? In Family Law // Interdisciplinary Perspective / Fabrício Dani de Boeckel, Karin Regina Rick Rosa, organizadores. Rio de Janeiro: Elsevier, 2012. 213 p.
  10. FariasARIAS, Cristiano Chaves de, Rozenvald Nelson. Family Law. 2ªed. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Lumen Juris, 2010. 85 p.
  11. Valente Maria Luiza Campos da Silva. Parental Alienation Syndrome: the perspective of social service // Parental Alienation Syndrome and Guardian Tyranny: Psychological, Social and Legal Aspects. Organized by the Association of Separate Parents and Mothers. Porto Alegre: Equilíbrio, 2008. 673 p.
  12. Sousa Lourival de Jesus Serejo. Right of the grandparents // Brazilian Journal of Family Law and Inheritance. 2012. Vol. 25. dez./jan. Porto Alegre: Magister, 2012. 542 p.
  13. Waquim Bruna Barbieri. Induced Family Alienation: deepening the study of Parental Alienation. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Juris, 2015. 342 p.

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