Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Psychology and Law - №2 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2022. Vol. 12, no. 1)


Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Moral Dilemmas and Personality Traits 616


Enikolopov S.N.
PhD in Psychology, Head of Department of Clinical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia

Medvedeva T.I.
Research Associate of Medical Psychology’s Department, FGBNU «Scientific center for mental health», Moscow, Russia

Vorontsova O.U.
Research Associate of Medical Psychology’s Department, FGBNU «Scientific center for mental health», Moscow, Russia

The study examines the relationship of moral choice and emotional intelligence, personal characteristics, implicit preferences, the ability to rely on emotional experience. The study involved 74 subjects: 40 healthy subjects and 34 patients of the MHRC. All subjects performed the following tests: "Moral dilemmas", Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT V2.0), Ich-Struktur-Test nach Ammon (ISTA), Implicit Association Test (IAT). It is demonstrated that the number of utilitarian choices in "personality" dilemmas increases with a deterioration in the ability to recognize the emotions of other people as well as with a decrease in ambivalence in assessing one's own state and reducing the ability to control emotions. When making decisions, people who make utilitarian choices rely on the experience of delayed negative consequences, their immediate emotional effect is reduced. Utilitarian personality choices increased with the reduction of capability to attack in a constructive way, to perceive personal fear and the fear of others with pathological narcissism, destructive internal and external restrictions. The preference of practical decisions is related to the implicit preference of "depth".

Keywords: moral dilemma, personal characteristics, emotional intellect, personality disorder, decision-making, implicit associations.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context


For Reference

  1. Ammon G. Dinamicheskaya psixiatriya [Dynamic psychiatry]. St. Petersburg: Psixonevrol. in-t, 1995. 198 p.
  2. Enikolopov S.N., Medvedeva T.I., Kaz'mina O.Yu. et al. Moral'ny'e suzhdeniya i implicitnoe otnoshenie k smerti pri suicidal'nom riske [Moral judgments and implicit associations with «life» and «death» at suicidal risk]. Suicidologiya [Suicidology]. 2018, Vol. 9. no. 1. pp. 44-52.
  3. Kaz'mina O.Yu., Enikolopov S.N., Medvedeva T.I. et al. Prognoz suicida pri depressii [Prognosis of suicide with depression]. Voprosy' psixologii. 2015, Vol. 3. pp. 38-48.
  4. Kaz'mina O.Yu., Medvedeva T.I., Shhelokova O.A. et al. Depressii yunosheskogo i molodogo vozrasta: prediktory' prognoza suicidal'nogo riska [Adolescent depressive disorders: predictors of suicidal risk prognosis]. Psixiatriya [Psychiatry]. 2014, Vol. 4. no. 64. pp. 11-20.
  5. Kaneman D., Slovik P., Tverski A. Prinyatie reshenij v neopredelennosti [Judgment Under Uncertainty]. Xar'kov: Gumanitarny'j centr, 2005. 600 p.
  6. Medvedeva T.I., Enikolopova E.V., Enikolopov S.N. Gipoteza somaticheskix markerov Damasio i igrovaya zadacha (IGT): obzor [Damasio’s Somatic Marker Hypothesis and Iowa Gambling Task (review)] [Online]. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniya [Psychological studies], 2013. Vol. 6. no. 32. pp. 10. URL: (Accessed: 14.11.18).
  7. Sergienko E.A., Vetrova I.I., Me'jer D. Test Dzh. Me'jera, P. Se'loveya i D. Karuzo "E'mocional'ny'j intellekt" (MSCEIT v. 2.0) [The Mayer—Salovey—Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test]. Moscow: In-t psixologii RAN, 2010. 174 s.
  8. Bartels D.M., Pizarro D.A. The mismeasure of morals: antisocial personality traits predict utilitarian responses to moral dilemmas. Cognition. 2011, Vol. 121. no. 1. pp. 154-61. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.05.010.
  9. Bechara A., Damasio A.R., Damasio H. et al. Insensitivity to future consequences following damage to human prefrontal cortex. Cognition. 1994, Vol. 50. no. 1-3. pp. 7-15. doi: 10.1016/0010-0277(94)90018-3.
  10. Cima M., Tonnaer F., Hauser M.D. Psychopaths know right from wrong but don't care. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2010, Vol. 5. no. 1. pp. 59-67. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsp051.
  11. Gao Y., Tang S. Psychopathic personality and utilitarian moral judgment in college students. Journal of Criminal Justice. 2013, Vol. 41. no. 5. pp. 342—349. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2013.06.012.
  12. Glenn A.L., Raine A., Schug R.A. The neural correlates of moral decision-making in psychopathy. Mol Psychiatry. 2009, Vol. 14. no. 1. pp. 5-6. doi: 10.1038/mp.2008.104.
  13. Greene J., Haidt J.How (and Where) Does Moral Judgment Work? Trends Cogn Sci. 2002, Vol. 6. no. 12. pp. 517-523. doi: 10.1016/S1364-6613(02)02011-9.
  14. Greene J.D. The cognitive neuroscience of moral judgment and decision-making. In: Gazzaniga M.S., Mangun G.R. (eds), The cognitive neurosciences Cambridge, MA, US: MIT Press, 2014. pp. 1013-1023.
  15. Greene J.D., Nystrom L.E., Engell A.D. et al. The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control in moral judgment. Neuron. 2004, Vol. 44. no. 2. pp. 389-400. doi: S0896627304006348 [pii]10.1016/j.neuron.2004.09.027.
  16. Greene J.D., Sommerville R.B., Nystrom L.E. et al. An fMRI investigation of emotional engagement in moral judgment. Science. 2001, Vol. 293. no. 5537. pp. 2105-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1062872.
  17. Koenigs M., Kruepke M., Zeier J. et al. Utilitarian moral judgment in psychopathy. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2012, Vol. 7. no. 6. pp. 708-14. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr048.
  18. Koenigs M., Young L., Adolphs R. et al. Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements. Nature. 2007, Vol. 446. no. 7138. pp. 908-11. doi: 10.1038/nature05631.
  19. Koven N.S. Specificity of meta-emotion effects on moral decision-making. Emotion. 2011, Vol. 11. no. 5. pp. 1255-61. doi: 10.1037/a0025616.
  20. Langdon R., Delmas K. Moral reasoning and psychopathic tendencies in the general community. In: Langdon R., Mackenzie C. (eds), Emotions, imagination, and moral reasoning. New York, NY: Psychology Press, 2012. pp. 91-118.
  21. Martinez-Selva J.M., Sanchez-Navarro J.P. Decision Making and the Emotional Brain. In: Murphy D., Longo D.R. (eds), Encyclopedia of psychology of decision making. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2009. pp. 197-235.
  22. Pujol J., Batalla I., Contreras-Rodriguez O. et al. Breakdown in the brain network subserving moral judgment in criminal psychopathy. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2012, Vol. 7. no. 8. pp. 917-23. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr075.
  23. Raine A., Yang Y.Neural foundations to moral reasoning and antisocial behavior. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2006, Vol. 1. no. 3. pp. 203-13. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsl033.
  24. Moore A.B., Clark B.A., Kane M.J. Who shalt not kill? Individual differences in working memory capacity, executive control, and moral judgment. Psychol Sci. 2008, Vol. 19. no. 6. pp. 549-57. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02122.x.

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????