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Projective Test «Congruity and Advantages» 234
Professor, Scientific and Academic Chair of the Federal Mediation Institute, Head of Chair of
Mediation in the Social Sphere, Department of Juridical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Post Graduate Student, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
MD, Professor of mediation in the social sphere, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
junior researcher, Federal Institute of mediation, Moscow, Russia
lecturer of department of mediation in the social sphere, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article presents the results of a pilot study developed by the authors of the projective test “Congruity and Advantages”. The research aims to study the main psychometric attributes of the test. The selection included 68 subjects of both genders at the age over 18. According to the study results, from the point of view of substantive validity, determined by the Delphic method, the “Congruity and Advantages” Test allows assessing the severity of two characteristics of the subjects: 1) subject's possible preferences of behavior aimed at acquiring advantages, 2) subject's preference of behavior aimed at matching one's choice with the interests of other people and/or circumstances. Criterion validity of the test is defined as sufficiently high. On an advantage scale R Spearman = 0,77 (at р<0,0001). On a scale of congruity of their behavior with others Spearman R =0,68 (at р<0,0001). Retest reliability after the study by the methods of rank correlation indicated R Spearman = 0,83 (at р<0,005). In addition, the monitoring results of the parties' tendency to violate agreements already reached reveal a significant correlation between the indicators of the “Congruity and Advantages” Test and the number of violations of agreements reached - Spearman R = 0,69 (at р=0,0001). Thus, the “Congruity and Advantages” Test can be practical in mediation as both to predict the tendency of the parties to harmonize their actions with others or to prefer their advantages, and to predict the probability of preserving agreements already reached.
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