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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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Retarded Mental Development in the Practice of Comprehensive Psychological and Psychiatric Expertise of Juvenile Offenders 267

Badmaeva V.D.
Head of hhe Department of Social and Forensic Psychiatric Issues of Minors, V. Serbsky NMRCPN, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: badmaeva.v@serbsky.ru

Oshevskiy D.S.
researcher, V.P. Serbsky Medical Research Centre

Fedonkina A.A.
PhD in Psychology, Researcher, Federal state budgetary institution «Serbsky Federal medical research Centre of Psychiatry and Narcology» of the Ministry of healthcare of the Russian Federation

Abstract
The article is devoted to the problem of retarded mental development of juvenile offenders in forensic practice. The findings of male juvenile offenders (n = 30) who underwent a complex psychological and psychiatric expertise were analyzed. As a result of the study, a criminal-relevant pathopsychological symptom complex was identified in juvenile offenders with retarded mental development on organically imperfect soil. Violations manifest themselves in cognitive, emotional-volitional and personal spheres. They lead to a significant decrease in the level of arbitrary regulation, disrupting critical and prognostic functions, and deprive the minor during the time of the tort the ability to recognize and control the actual nature and public danger of his actions. In addition, partial retardation of mental development characteristic of juvenile defendants with personal immaturity without mental disorder is defined.

Keywords: dysontogenesis, retarded mental development, complex forensic psychological and psychiatric expertise, juvenile offenders.

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090313

For Reference

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