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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Radicalisation: A Social Psychological Perspective (Part I) 85

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Bovina I.B.
Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Legal Psychology, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9497-6199
e-mail: innabovina@yandex.ru

Bovin B. G.
PhD in Psychology, Leading researcher, Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9255-7372
e-mail: bovinbg@yandex.ru

Tikhonova A.D.
MA in Psychology, graduate student, Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0030-2119
e-mail: GutnikAD@bez.mos.ru.

Abstract
Terrorism, being a long-standing phenomenon and a threat that has existed for at least two millennia, is still an extreme problem in the life of society. Understanding how a person comes to commit terrorist acts requires consideration of the process of radicalisation. The aim of our literature review is to analyse the process of radicalisation.Security and counter-terrorism are one of the priority areas of scientific development in Russia. This direction has different facets of analysis. From a psychological point of view, the development of measures of influence should be based on knowledge of how a person joins groups and organizations of a terrorist nature, what are the psychological mechanisms of radicalization, as well as an understanding of the laws of deradicalization. Our analytical review within the framework of social psychological knowledge has allowed us to overcome a kind of gap existing in the literature, namely, to acquaint the Russian readers with a promising explanatory model of the process of radicalisation - the uncertainty — identity theory, proposed by Hogg. This model explains why and how people join groups with extremist and radical beliefs, as well as why they prefer acts of violence, acting on behalf of these groups.

Keywords: radicalisation, terrorism, uncertainty, communication strategies, social identity, group norms,”visual culture"

Column: Interdisciplinary Studies

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100309

For Reference

Funding

Bovina I. B. performed theoretical and analytical research on the problem of radicalization with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (RFBR) in the framework of the scientific project " Expansion (Competition for financial support for the preparation and publication of scientific review articles)” - № 19-113-50280.

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