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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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Consequences of Sexual Violence and Abuse On Minors: Gender Specifics 136

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Nutskova E.V.
PhD in Psychology, Researcher Psychology Laboratories of Child and Adolescence, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8864-1085
e-mail: nutskova@serbsky.ru

Badmaeva V.D.
Doctor of Medicine, Head of the Department for Social and Forensic Psychiatric Problems of Minors, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2345-3091
e-mail: badmaeva.v@serbsky.ru

Abstract
The article presents the results of a comprehensive psychological and psychiatric study of 155 juvenile victims of sexual violence and abuse. The article states the most common psychological consequences of experienced sexual violence and abuse in various spheres of mental activity among groups of boys and girls. The quantitative and qualitative characteristics of these consequences have significant differences in the groups of victims, depending on the mental condition and gender. It was found that common symptoms are manifested in the emotional-volitional, semantic and behavioral spheres. The gender specifics of the consequences of sexual violence and abuseamong girls mostly appear in internal forms (feelings of guilt, difficulties in establishing social contacts, negative attitude to male role models, close relationships). While external forms of that consequences prevail among boys (increased excitability, reactions aggression, opposition and negativism, sexualized behavior, hypermasculine compensation) alongside increased mental stress, sense of shame, violation of gender-role identity, complaints of disturbance in the somatic sphere and a decrease of productivity in school.

Keywords: sexual violence and abuse, consequences of sexual violence against children, boys and girls victims of sexual violence, cruel treatment, gender aspect

Column: Juvenile Legal Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100316

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