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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Theoretical Model of Polygraph Testing: Concerns and Prospects for their Solution 116

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Kuptsova D.M.
Junior Researcher, Laboratory of Forensic Sexology, V. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6803-1984
e-mail: dary.rin@gmail.com

Kamenskov M.Yu.
Doctor of Medicine, Expert Sexologist, Senior Researcher Associate , Federal Medical Research Centre of Psychiatry and Addiction , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6327-9307
e-mail: m-kamenskov@mail.ru

Abstract
The problem of determining the constructive validity of the methodology for the mental and physical polygraph testing is currently particularly pressing due to the increased number of such testing procedures in various fields of social life. The possibility of labeling of mental and physical polygraph testing as one of evidence-based methods in investigative and judicial practice partly depends on defining a theoretical model that would be in line with the core scientific foundations and wouldn't contradict experimental data. In this review we are talking about possibility of considering a separate psychic process as an object of mental and physical testing. Criticisms have been cited for the earlier models of interpreting the psychological responses in individuals examined during a polygraph test. We look at the mechanism for the occurrence of physiological reactions during polygraph testing from the standpoint of the theory of functional systems proposed by Pyotr Anokhin. It is assumed that the systemic approach will set the right direction for defining a theoretical grounding of this methodology.

Keywords: polygraph, systemic psychophysiology, mental and physical testing, polygraph testing, systematic organization of behavior

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100409

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