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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 11, no. 1)

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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2011

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Russian Legislation of XI-XVIII Centuries on the Criminal Responsibility of Minors 80

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Shishkov S.N.
PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Chief Research Associate , FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4169-9447
e-mail: shishkov50@mail.ru

Makushkin E.V.
Doctor of Medicine, deputy director of science, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1937-5908
e-mail: eVm14@list.ru

Dozortseva E.G.
Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher of the Laboratory of Psychology of Child and Adolescence, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1309-0485
e-mail: edozortseva@mail.ru

Badmaeva V.D.
Doctor of Medicine, Head of the Department for Social and Forensic Psychiatric Problems of Minors, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2345-3091
e-mail: badmaeva.v@serbsky.ru

Nutskova E.V.
PhD in Psychology, Researcher Psychology Laboratories of Child and Adolescence, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8864-1085
e-mail: nutskova@serbsky.ru

Abstract
The problem of juvenile criminal responsibility /liability, minimum age, and measures of influence for juvenile offenders is relevant and often becomes the subject of public discussion. However, very little is known about the history of criminal law attitudes towards minors in Russia. The purpose of the article is to analyze the development of this relationship from the beginning of Russian statehood to the 18th century. It is shown that at the initial stage in the practice of applying the criminal law to children and adolescents, the traditions of Roman law were traced, however, there was practically no legislative differentiation of adult and juvenile offenders. The turning point was the 18th century, at the beginning of which the need for such differentiation became apparent, and at the end it was implemented along with certain humanistic tendencies that reflected the ideas of the Enlightenment in Europe, including the creation of special courts to consider juvenile crimes.

Keywords: development of legislation, criminal responsibility, minors, minimum age of criminal responsibility, punishment of minors, humanization of legislation, Conscientious courts

Column: History of Legal Psychology

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2020100416

For Reference

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