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Psychology and Law

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2222-5196

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2011

Published quarterly

Free of fees
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Some Psychological and Legal Issues of Mandatory Consideration of the Opinion of a Child who Has Reached the Age of Ten Years in Judicial Consideration of Disputes About His Upbringing 55

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Ilyina O.Yu.
Doctor of Law, Dean, Faculty of Law, Tver State University, Tver, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1939-9712
e-mail: Ilina.OY@tversu.ru

Rusakovskaya O.A.
Federal Budgetary Institution “V.Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation and Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Senior researcher and Associate Professor of the Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Forensic Evaluation in Civil Procedure and Faculty of Legal and Forensic Psychology, Federal Budgetary Institution “V.Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation and Moscow State University of Psychology and Education , Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5602-3904
e-mail: oarus74@gmail.com

Tumanova L.V.
Doctor of Law, Department of Judiciary and Law Enforcement Activities, Faculty of Law, Tver state University, Tver, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2438-7428
e-mail: Tumanova.LV@tversu.ru

Chubarova O.E.
Teacher-Psychologist, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7123-6489
e-mail: o.chubarova.psy@mail.ru

Abstract
In order to indicate the debatable nature of the legal norm of Art. 57 of the Family Code of the Russian Federation — the obligation to take into account the opinion of a child who has reached the age of 10 years, when considering disputes about education by the courts - the features of the analysis by children of 9.5—11 years of age (N=68) of morally ambiguous problem situations are studied. Research methods: compiling a story based on sequential pictures, Dilemmas of L. Kohlberg. It has been established that the majority of children are at the 3rd stage of the conventional level of development of moral consciousness according to Kohlberg. There are more boys among those who are not successful in understanding the hidden moral meaning of situations, and those who, in their reasoning, tend to rely on the requirements of society as a whole. Girls are more likely to draw on their own experience and are more likely to take into account the perceived experiences of another. The above results and conclusions can serve as a basis for improving the relevant legal norm and the practice of its application.

Keywords: rights of the child, the opinion of the child, moral development, Dilemmas of L. Kohlberg, child custody evaluations

Column: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120303

Received: 30.06.2021

Accepted: 08.09.2021

For Reference

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