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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Functionality and Basic Capabilities of Preschool Children with Down Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorders 1026


Kazmin A.M.
PhD in Medicine, Professor, Department of Neuro and Pathopsychology of Development, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Dugina O.
teacher-defectologist, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №1540, Moscow, Russia

Pisarenko O.G.
student, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Prochuhaeva M.
assistant manager, Moscow state educational institution combined-type kindergarten №288

We have examined and compared the status of functionality and basic capabilities (gross and fine motor, visual and auditory basic skills, basic capabilities to interaction, communication and education) of preschoolers with Down syndrome (21 children, age 69 ± 20 months) and Autism spectrum disorders (21 children, age 61 ± 14 months) with the questionnaires F-07 and "Basic capabilities ". Have been revealed the expressed variability of the level of functionality and reduced patterns of the basic capabilities for both groups of children. Have been demonstrated a significant strong positive connections between the levels of functionality and basic capabilities, except for the motor capabilities, in both groups. The reduction structures of the basic capabilities of the children with Down syndrome and Autism spectrum disorders were found to be different: first were more successful in vision, hearing, the interaction and communication, and second in a fine motor skills.

Keywords: preschool child, development, capability, functionality, Down syndrome, autism

Column: Empirical research

For Reference

  1. Kaz'min A.M. Teoriya processual'nogo analiza: kratkoe opisanie i prikladnoe znachenie [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya 2012. №4. URL: (data obrascheniya: 15.06.2013)
  2. Kaz'min A.M., Lobova A.A., Fedina E.V. Ispol'zovanie oprosnika «F-07» dlya izmereniya funkcional'nosti u doshkol'nikov s tipichnym razvitiem, sindromom Dauna i autizmom [Elektronnyi resurs] // Klinicheskaya i special'naya psihologiya 2013. №1. URL: (data obrascheniya: 15.06.2013)
  3. Nikol'skaya O.S., Baenskaya E.R., Libling M.M. Autichnyi rebenok. Puti pomoschi. M.,1997
  4. Sindrom Dauna. Mediko-geneticheskii i social'no-psihologicheskii portret Pod redakciei Yu.I. Barashneva, 2007
  5. World Health Organization, World Bank. World report on disability. Geneva, 2011 (, accessed 25 May 2012)
  6. World Health Organization, Early Childhood Development and Disability (A discussion paper), 2012(, accessed 25 May)

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