Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Clinical Psychology and Special Education - №2 / 2022 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2022. Vol. 11, no. 1)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Resources of the Civilians Living in the Area of the Armed Conflict in the Context of Personality Transformations 1250


Ryadinskaya E.N.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Academy of Psychology and Pedagogy, Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education "Southern Federal University", Donetsk People's Republic

The article presents the data of an empirical study of the features of the adaptation resources of the population living under the conditions of the armed conflict. The study involved 723 people of both genders living in the immediate area of the armed conflict, their age ranging from 17 to 75 years old. It is empirically shown that the respondents of the first group (areas of low-intensity shelling) are generally characterized by high activity, cheerfulness, calmness, healthy optimism, they are active and satisfied with life; these indicators are more pronounced in women aged 19-35 years. It is established that in the first group almost half of the respondents show a high level of neuropsychic resistance; a higher level of it being observed in men. It has been determined that the respondents of the second group (areas of intensive shelling) are characterized by displays of irritability, anxiety, and also depression, despair. They are characterized by fast fatigue, low working capacity, lethargy, reduced energy potential and emotional stability, moral normalization. This group of people shows an average neuropsychic resistance, there are signs of stress and mental disadaptation (mainly in women aged 35-60 and older), they are less satisfied with life on the whole than the respondents of the first group, and they also give a lower estimate of their personal success. Most pronounced these indicators were in women 19-35 years old and in men 35-60 years old. It is also established that the subjects of both groups reveal a high level of personal adaptation potential, as evidenced by their rapid adaptation to the new reality conditions. The most adaptive in the first and second groups are young people aged 17-19, and also women aged 19-35. The main conclusions of this study are as follows: long-term residence in the area of the armed conflict, especially in the areas of intense shelling, significantly affects the adaptation capacity of a person, activates his life resources, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, it may have negative consequences for the mental health and lead to disadaptation, and a decrease in the adaptation potential.

Keywords: adaptation, adaptability, adaptation resources, area of armed conflict, area of low-intensity shelling, area of intensive shelling, personality transformation

Column: Empirical research


Funding. The research was supported by the Initiative Fundamental Scientific Project of SFedU (implementation of the internal grant: VnGr 07/2017-01)

For Reference

  1. Adaptatsiya lichnosti v sovremennom mire: Mezhvuz. sb. nauch. tr.  [Adaptation of personality in modern world: Interacademic collection of scientific works]. Saratov: Nauka, 2001. Iss. 3. 110 p.
  2. Abakumova I.V., Ryadinskaya Ye.N. Tsennostno-smyslovye ustanovki kak factor sotsial’noy integratsii lichnosti v usloviyakh vooruzhonnogo konflikta [Value-semantic attitudes as a factor of social integration of the individual under the conditions of armed conflict] // Vestnik Udmurtskogo universityeta [Journal of Udmurtsky University], 2016,
    vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 52–58 (In Russ.).
  3. Abul’khanova-Slavskaya K.A. Tipologiya aktivnosti lichnosti v sotsial’noy psikhologii [Typology of personality activity in social psychology]. In M. Shorokhova (ed.)Psikhologiya lichnosti I obraz zhizni [Psychology of Personality and Way of Life]. Moscow, 1987, pp. 10–14 (In Russ.).
  4. Beznosikov V.N. Dinamika pervichnoy proizvodstvyennoy adaptatsii molodykh rabochikh na promyshlyenom predpriyatii: Dis. … kand. psikhol. nauk [Dynamics of primary industrial adaptation of young workers at an industrial enterprise: PhD thesis (Psychology)]. Moscow, 1986. 189 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Byelyayeva L.A. Strategii vyzhivaniya, adaptatsii, preuspevaniya [Strategies for survival, adaptation, prosperity]. Sotsis [Sochi], 2010, no. 6, pp. 44–53 (In Russ.).
  6. Byeryezin F.B. Psikhicheskaya i psikhofiziologicheskaya adaptatsiya chelovyeka [Mental and psychophysiological adaptation of a human]. Leningrad, 1988. 270 p. (In Russ.).
  7. Georgiyeva I.A. Sotsial’no-psikhologicheskiye factory adaptatsii lichnosti v kollyektivye: avtoref. dis. kand. psikhol. nauk. [Socio-psychological factors of personality adaptation in the team: PhD thesis (in Psychology)]. Leningrad, 1985. 22 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Gritsenko V.V. Teoryeticheskiye osnovy isslyedovaniya sotial’no-psikhologicheskoy adaptatsii lichnosti/gruppy v novoy sotsio- i etnokul’turnoy sryedye [Theoretical fundamentals of research of social and psychological adaptation of the person/group in a new socio- and ethno-cultural environment]. In Problemy sotsial’noy psikhologii lichnosti: Mezhvuzovsky sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Problems of Social Psychology of the Person: Interuniversity Collection of Scientific Works]. Saratov, 2005. Iss. 2, pp. 4–22. (In Russ.).
  9. Zhmyrikov A.N. Diagnostika sotsial’no-psikhologicheskoy adaptirovannosti lichnosti v novykh usloviyakh dyeyatel’nosti i obshcheniya [Diagnostics of socio-psychological adaptation of the individual in the new conditions of activity and communication]. Leningrad, 1989. 192 p. (In Russ.).
  10. Zelenov M.V., Lazebnaya Ye.O., Tarabrina N.V. Psikhologicheskiye osobennosti posttravmaticheskikh stressovykh sostoyaniy u uchastnikov voiny v Afganistanye [Psychological features of post-traumatic stress disorders in Afghanistan war veterans]. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 1997, vol. 18, no. 2, рр. 34–47. (In Russ.).
  11. Korniyenko D.S. Lichnostnye prediktory psikhologicheskogo blagopoluchiya [Personal predictors of psychological well-being]. Fundamental’nye isslyedovaniya [Fundamental Researches], 2014, vol. 11, no. 2, рр. 429–432 (In Russ.).
  12. Kryazheva I.K. Sotsial’no-psikhologicheskiye factory adaptatsii rabochego na proizvodstvye [Socio-psychological factors of adaptation of the worker in production]. Moscow, 1983. 315 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Lunin S.L., Abakumova I.V. Ossobennosti adaptatsii trudovykh migrantov raznoy etno-konfessional’noy prinadlezhnosti [Specific features of adaptation of labor migrants of different ethno-confessional affiliation]. In D.B. Bogoyavlenskaya (ed.) Ot istokov k sobremennosti: 130 let organizatsii psikhologicheskogo obshchestva pri Moskovskom universityetye: Sbornik matyerialov yubileynoy konferentsii: v 5-ti tomakh [From sources to the present: 130 years of organization of psychological society at Moscow university. Collection of works of anniversary conference]. Vol 5. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2015,
    pp. 263–265 (In Russ.).
  14. Maklakov A.G. Lichnostnyi adaptatsionnyi potentsial: yego mobilizatsiya i prognozirovaniye v ekstremal’nykh usloviyakh [Personal adaptive potential: its mobilization and forecasting in extreme conditions]. Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal [Psychological Journal]. 2001, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 16–24.
  15. Psikhologicheskiy slovar’: spravochnoye izdaniye [Psychological dictionary: reference book], 2nd ed. V.P.Zinchenko, B.G.Meshcheryakov (eds.). Moscow: Pedagogika Press, 1999. 868 p.
  16. Rean A.A. Psikhologiya adaptatsii lichnosti. Analiz. Teoriya. Praktika [Psychology of personality adaptation. Analysis. Theory. Practice]. Saimt-Petersburg, :Prime Evroznak, 2006. 479 p.
  17. Ruppert F. Psikhologicheskaya travma [Psychological trauma] // Voprosy meditsiny i ekologii [Problems of Medicine and Ecology], 2012, vol. 18, no. 4, рр. 81–92 (In Russ.).
  18. Uryvayev V.A., Boychuk B.V. Transformatsiya lichnosti kak mnogoaspektnaya problema [Electronic resource] [Transformation of the personality as a multidimensional problem]. Klinicheskaya I meditsinskaya psikhologiya: issledovaniya, obucheniye, praktika [Clinical and Medical Psychology Researches, Training, Practice], 2013, vol. 2, no. 2.
    URL: (Access: March 5, 2015). (In Russ.).
  19. Fomichov I.Yu. Modusy moral’noy normativnosti v menedzhmentye [Modes of moral normality in management]. Tyumen: publ. of Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, 1999. 177 p. (In Russ.).
  20. Chernov A. Yu., Bulanova I.S. Empiricheskiye modeli transformatsii lichnosti [Empirical models of personality transformation]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universityeta [Journal of Volgograd State University]. Ser. 7, Filisofiya. 2014, vol. 21, no. 1, рр. 59–66 (In Russ.).
  21. Basowitz H., Persky H., Korchin. Sh., Grinker R. Anxiety and Stress: An Interdiscipplinary Study of a Life Situation. New York: McGrow-Hill, 1955. Pp. 203–243. (In Engl.).
  22. Dohrenwend B.P., Link B.G., Kern R., Shrout P.E. et al. Measuring life events: The problem of variability within event categories. Special issue:II-IV. Advances in measuring life stress. Stress Med, 1990, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 179–187. (In Engl.).

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????