Previous issue (2019. Vol. 8, no. 4)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Approbation of the Non-Verbal Technique for Assessment of the Satisfaction with Body Parts 566
PhD in Psychology, Head of the Department of Differential Psychology and Psychophysiology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
Student, Department of special psychology and rehabilitation, Faculty of clinical psychology and special education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia
A new assessment tool is proposed for measuring the attitude to individual parts of one's body, applicable to persons with physical disabilities. The forms for testing contain schematic images of the man figure and person's face, on which the sections are marked out. It is necessary to put a specific rating on a 5-point scale in the each segment of body and face. Approbation was carried out in adolescents 11-18 years old with typical development (ATD, 103 people) and with motor disabilities and IQ within normal range (AMD, 31 people). Specific and averaged assessments of the face, body, limbs, etc. were obtained. Psychometric analysis showed that the adolescents of both groups basically assess their body with points 4 and 5. In both groups, there are about 9% of respondents with low ratings (below 3.5). There are significant sex differences in the estimates of certain parts of the body. The ANOVA reveals reliable effects of interaction of the factors of sex, age and the presence of disorders in comparison of the ATD and AMD groups. In particular, the lowest scores are typical for girls 11-14 years of the AMD group. The validity of the proposed technique is indicated by regular correlations with other body image estimates, self-esteem and neuroticism. The proposed diagnostic tool can be recommended for research purposes in work with adolescents and adults with physical appearance defects.
Postavneva I.V. Fenomenologiya obraza tela detei s
fizicheskimi defektami [Phenomenology of the body image of children with
physical defects]. In E.V. Burenkova (Ed.) Psikhologiya telesnosti:
teoreticheskie i prakticheskie issledovaniya. Sbornik statei II mezhdunarodnoi
nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Psychology of corporeality: theoretical and
practical research. Collection of articles of the II International Scientific
and Practical Conference]. Penza: publ. of PGPU im. V.G. Belinskogo, 2009,
Ramsi N., Harcourt D. Psikhologiya vneshnosti [The
psychology of appearance]. Saint-Petersburg. Piter, 2009, 256 p.
Sakharova V.G. Psikhologiya tela. Diagnostika otnosheniya
k telu [Psychology of the body. Diagnostics of attitude to the body].
Saint-Petersburg: Rech', 2011, 112 p.
Sokolova E.T. Samosoznanie i samootsenka pri anomaliyakh
lichnosti: Uchebnoe posobie. [Self-awareness and self-esteem in case of
personality anomalies: Textbook]. Moscow: publ. of MSU, 1989, 210 p.
Timofeeva I.V. Obraz tela kak komponent "Ya-kontseptsii"
lichnosti detei s detskim tserebral'nym paralichom [The body image as a
component of the "Self-concept" of the personality of children with infantile
cerebral palsy] [Electronic resource]. Vestnik Adygeiskogo gosudarstvennogo
universiteta. Seriya 3: Pedagogika i psikhologiya. [Bulletin of Adyghe State
University. Ser. 3: Pedagogy and Psychology], 2011, no. 4. URL:
Agam R., Tamir S. Golan M. Gender differences in respect
to self-esteem and body image as well as response to adolescents’ school-based
prevention programs. Journal of Psychology and Clinical Psychiatry,
2015, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 1–7. DOI: 10.15406/jpcpy.2015.02.00092
Avalos L. et al. The Body Appreciation Scale: Development
and psychometric evaluation. Body Image, 2005, vol. 2, no. 3, pp.
Bearman S.K. et al. The skinny on body dissatisfaction: A
longitudinal study of adolescent girls and boys. Journal of Youth and
Adolescence, 2006, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 217–229. DOI:
Brennan M.A., Lalonde C.E., Bain J.L. Body image
perceptions: Do gender differences exist? Psi Chi Journal of Undergraduate
Research, 2010, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 130–138. DOI:
Bucchianeri M. et al. Body dissatisfaction from
adolescence to young adulthood: findings from a 10-year longitudinal study.
Body Image, 2013, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–7. DOI:
Calzo J.P. et al. The development of associations among
BMI, body dissatisfaction, and weight and shape concern in adolescent boys and
girls. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2012, vol. 51, no. 5, pp. 517–523.
Fox K.R., Corbin C.B. The physical self-perception
profile: development and preliminary validation. Journal of Sport and
Exercise Psychology, 1989, vol. 11, pp. 408–430. DOI:
Furnham A., Badmin N., Sneade I. Body image
dissatisfaction: gender differences in eating attitudes, self-esteem, and
reasons for exercise. The Journal of Psychology, 2002, vol. 136, no. 6,
pp. 581–596. DOI: 10.1080/00223980209604820
Gardner R.M. Brown D.L. Body image assessment: A review of
ﬁgural drawing scales. Personality and Individual Differences, 2010,
vol. 48, pp. 107–111. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2009.08.017
Hammar G.R. et al. Body image in adolescents with cerebral
palsy. Journal of Child Health Care, 2009, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 19–29.
Hart E.A., Leary M.R., Rejeski W.J. The measurement of
social physique anxiety. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1989,
vol. 11, pp. 94–104. DOI: 10.1123/jsep.11.1.94
Laus M.F, Costa T.M.B., Almeida S.S. Body image
dissatisfaction and its relationship with physical activity and body mass index
in Brazilian adolescents. Journal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria, 2011, vol.
60, no. 4, pp. 315–320. DOI: 10.1590/S0047-20852011000400013
Lawlor M.C., Elliot M.L. Physical disability and body
image in children. In T. Cash (Ed.) Encyclopedia of Body Image and Human
Appearance. Elsevier Press, 2012, vol. 2, pp. 650–656. DOI:
Lerner R. et al. Relations among physical attractiveness,
body attitudes, and self-concept in male and female college students.
Journal of Psychology, 1973, vol. 85, pp. 119–129. DOI:
Lynch E. et al. The relation between body size perception
and change in body mass index over 13 years: The coronary artery risk
development in young adults (CARDIA) study. American Journal of
Epidemiology, 2009, vol. 169, no. 7, pp. 857–866. DOI:
Markey C.H., Gillen M.M. Body Image. In R.J.R. Levesque
(Ed.) Encyclopedia of Adolescence. Springer International Publishing AG,
2016. Pp. 1–14. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32132-5_25-2
Petrie T.A., Tripp M.M., Harvey P. Factorial and construct
validity of the body parts satisfaction scale-revised: An examination of
minority and nonminority women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 2002,
vol. 26, pp. 213–221. DOI: 10.1111/1471-6402.00060
Pingitore R, Spring B., Garfield D. Gender differences in
body satisfaction. Obesity Research, 1997, vol. 5, no. 5, pp. 402–409.
Presnell K., Bearman S.K., Stice E. Risk factors for
body dissatisfaction in adolescent boys and girls: A prospective study.
International Journal of Eating Disorders, 2004, vol. 36, pp. 389–401.
Rauste-von Wright M. Body image satisfaction in adolescent
girls and boys: A longitudinal study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,
1989, vol.18, pp. 71–83. DOI: 10.1007/BF02139247
Ricciardelli L.A., Yager Z. Adolescence and Body Image.
From Development to Preventing Dissatisfaction. NY: Routledge, Taylor &
Francis Group, 2016, 225 p.
Rumsey N., Harcourt D. Body image and disﬁgurement: issues
and interventions. Body Image, 2004, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 83–97. DOI:
Sandström K. The lived body – experiences from adults with
cerebral palsy. Clinical Rehabilitation, 2007, vol. 21, no. 5, pp.
432–441. DOI: 10.1177/0269215507073489.
Slade P.D. et al. Development and preliminary validation
of the body satisfaction scale (BSS). Psychology and Health, 1990, vol.
4, pp. 213–220. DOI: 10.1080/08870449008400391
Smolak L. Body image in children and adolescents: where do
we go from here? Body Image, 2004, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 15–28. DOI:
Swami V. et al. Initial examination of the validity and
reliability of the female photographic ﬁgure rating scale for body image
assessment. Personality and Individual Diﬀerences, 2008, vol. 44, pp.
1752–1761. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2008.02.002
Taleporos G., McCabe M.P. Body image and physical
disability – personal perspectives. Social Science and Medicine, 2002,
vol. 54, pp. 971–980. DOI: 10.1016/S0277-9536(01)00069-7
Webb B. et al. Assessing positive body image: Contemporary
approaches and future directions. Body Image, 2015, vol. 14, pp.
130–145. DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2015.03.010
Wooley O.W., Roll S. The Color-A-Person Body
Dissatisfaction Test: stability, internal consistency, validity, and factor
structure. Journal of Personal Assessment, 1991, vol. 56, no. 3, pp.
395–413. DOI: 10.1207/s15327752jpa5603_3.