Perfectionistic Self-presentation and its Diagnostic Features 1984
The goal of the study was to supplement the previously described adaptation of the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale by P. Hewitt with clinical materials. In addition to the population sample (747 participants; 324 men and 423 women with a mean age of 28.42 ± 10.44 years), clinical patients with depressive and anxiety disorders
(35 participants; 20 men and 15 women with a mean age of 27.45 ± 7.22 years) took part in this study. All participants also completed the Russian-language version of the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale by P. Hewitt and G. Flett adapted by I.I. Gracheva. The three-factor structure of the scale was confirmed by means of confirmatory factor analysis; its subscales demonstrated means of internal consistency, retest reliability and convergent validity similar to the original scale. It was shown that in a sample of clinical patients there are stronger correlations between perfectionism and perfectionistic self-presentation than in a sample of conditionally healthy participants. In conclusion, it is inferred that the adapted Russian-language version of the scale can be potentially effective in clinical psychology and psychiatry.
Gracheva I.I. Adaptatsiya metodiki «Mnogomernaya
shkala perfektsionizma» P. Kh'yuitta i G. Fletta [Adaptation of
«Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale» technique by P. Hewitt and
G. Flett]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological
Journal], 2006, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 73–89. (in Russ., abstr. in
Zolotareva A.A. Adaptatsiya metodiki «Sghkala
perfektsionistskoi samoprezentatsii» P. Kh'yuitta [Adaptation of
P. Hewitt’s «Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale»].
Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2011,
vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 62–69. (in Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
Beauford J.E., Nagashima Y., Wu M.-H. Using
translated instruments in research. Journal of College Teaching and
Learning, 2009. Vol. 6 (5), pp. 77–81.
Besser A., Flett G.L., Hewitt P.L.
Perfectionistic self-presentation and trait perfectionism in social
problem-solving ability and depressive symptoms // Journal of Applied Social
Psychology, 2010. Vol. 40 (8), pp. 2123–2156. doi:
Bland J.M., Altman D.G. Statistics notes:
Cronbach’s alpha. British Medical Journal, 1997. Vol. 314, p. 572. doi:
Borroni S., Bortolla R., Lombardi L.M.,
Somma A., Maffei C., Fossati A. The Italian version of
Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale: Psychometric properties and its
associations with pathological narcissism and adult attachment in an adult non
clinical sample. Personality and Mental Health, 2016. Vol. 10 (2), pp.
Buss A.H., Finn S.E. Classification of
personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1987.
Vol. 52 (2), pp. 432–444. doi: 10.1037/0022-35220.127.116.112
Castro J., Gila A., Gual P.,
Lahortiga F., Saura B., Toro J. Perfectionism dimensions in
children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Journal of Adolescent
Health, 2004. Vol. 35 (5), pp. 392–398. doi:
Chen C., Hewitt P.L., Flett G.L.,
Cassels T.G., Birch S., Blasberg J.S. Insecure attachment,
perfectionistic self-presentation, and social disconnection in adolescents.
Personality and Individual Differences, 2012. Vol. 52, pp. 936–941. doi:
Ferreira C., Pinto-Gouveia J., Duarte C.
Self-criticism, perfectionism and eating disorders: The effect of depression
and body dissatisfaction. International Journal of Psychology and
Psychological Therapy, 2014. Vol. 14 (3), pp. 409–420.
Flett G.L., Nepon T., Hewitt P.L.,
Zhao W. Projecting perfection by hiding effort: Supplementing the
Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale with a brief self-presentation measure.
Self and Identity, 2016. Vol. 15 (3), pp. 245–261. doi:
Hewitt P.L., Blasberg J.S., Flett G.L.,
Besser A., Sherry S.B., Caelian C., Papsdorf M.,
Cassels T.G., Birch S. Perfectionistic self-presentation in children
and adolescents: Development and validation of the Perfectionistic
Self-Presentation Scale – Junior Form. Psychological Assessment, 2011.
Vol. 23 (1), pp. 125–142. doi:10.1037/a0021147
Hewitt P.L., Flett G.L., Sherry S.B.,
Habke M., Parkin M., Lam R.W., McMurty B., Ediger E.,
Fairlie P., Stein M.B. The interpersonal expression of perfectionism:
Perfectionistic self-presentation and psychological distress. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 2003. Vol. 84 (6), pp. 1303–1325. doi:
Hewitt P.L., Habke A.M., Lee-Baggley D.L.,
Sherry S.B., Flett G.L. The impact of perfectionistic
self-presentation on the cognitive, affective, and physiological experience of
a clinical interview. Psychiatry, 2008. Vol. 71 (2), pp. 93–122. doi:
Hu L., Bentler P.M. Cutoff criteria for fit
indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new
alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 1999. Vol. 6, pp. 1–55. doi:
McGee B.J., Hewitt P.L., Sherry S.B.,
Parkin M., Flett G.L. Perfectionistic self-presentation, body image,
and eating disorder symptoms. Body Image, 2005. Vol. 2 (1),
pp. 29–40. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.01.002
Paulhus D.L., Martin C.L. The structure of
personality capabilities. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,
1987. Vol. 52 (2), pp. 354–365. doi: 10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1684
Read D.J., Hill A.P., Jowett G.E.,
Astill S.L. The relationship between perfectionistic self-presentation and
reactions to impairment and disability following spinal cord injury. Journal
of Health Psychology, 2016. doi: 10.1177/1359105316674268
Wachtel P.L. Cyclical processes in personality and
psychopathology. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1994. Vol. 103 (1), pp.
51–54. doi: 10.1037//0021-843X.103.1.51
Zhang Y.-W., Gan Y.-Q., Zhan X.-N.
Perfectionistic self-presentation in Chinese college students and its relations
with self-esteem. Chinese Mental Health Journal,
2007. Vol. 21, pp. 94–115.