The Effectiveness of Life Skills Training on Life Satisfaction in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury 514
Master of Sciences in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Roudehen, Teheran, Iran
Assistant Professor of General Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Teheran, Iran
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most debilitating diseases that affects all aspects of person’s life. Researches have indicated that life satisfaction in these patients is lower than that of others. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of life skills training on life satisfaction in patient with spinal cord injury. This study, having a quasi-experimental design, was performed with pre-test, post-test, and control group. The statistical population of this study consisted of patients with spinal cord injury (only men) that is covered by the home health care team of the Kahrizak Charity Foundation of Tehran. To do research, 30 patients of the center were selected by availability sampling and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. In the experimental group, 10 sections of life skills training were performed, while no intervention was used for the control group. The research tool used in this study was a Self-Life Satisfaction Questionnaire and a univariate analysis of covariance was used to test results. Findings from the analysis of covariance showed that there was a significant difference between experimental and control groups (p< 0,05). This indicated that life skills training improved the life satisfaction in patients with spinal cord injury.
- Alwell M., Cobb B. functional life skills curricular interventions for
youth with disabilities. A systematic review. Career Development for
Exceptional individuals, 2009, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 82–93.
- Chou C.C., Chan F., Chan Y.C., Phillips B. Introduction to positive
psychology in rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Research, Policy &
Education, 2013, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 126–130. DOI:
- Corrigan J.D., Bogner J.A., Mysiw W.J., et al. Life satisfaction after
traumatic brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 2001,
vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 543–555. DOI: 10.1097/00001199-200102000-00004
- Dijkers M.P. Quality of life of individuals with spinal cord injury: A
review of conceptualization, measurement, and research findings. Journal
of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 2005, vol. 42,
no. 3, pp. 87–110. DOI:10.1682/JRRD.2004.08.0100
- Hampton N.Z. Self-efficacy and quality of life in people with spinal cord
injuries in China. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 2000, vol. 43,
no. 2, pp. 66–74. DOI:10.1177/003435520004300202
- Jenaabadi H., Azizi N., Mostafapour R., Haghi R. The effect of life skills
training on the mental health and level of resilience among teachers of normal
students and teachers of exceptional students in Zahedan. Open Journal of
Medical Psychology, 2015, vol. 4, no. 2,
pp. 17–22. DOI:10.4236/OJMP.2015.42002
- Khooshab E., Jahanbin I., Ghadakpour S., Keshavarzi S. Managing parenting
stress through life skills training: A supportive intervention for mothers with
visually impaired children. International Journal of Community Based Nursing
Midwifery, 2016, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 265–273.
- Lotfaalizadeh M.Z. Psychometric Properties of the Fear of Dead
Questionnaire and its Relationship with Self-Life Satisfaction in Adults in
Tehran. Master degree thesis. Tehran, 2015. 59 p.
- Lucke K.T., Coccia H., Goode J.S., Lucke J.F. Quality of life in spinal
cord injured individuals and their caregivers during the initial 6 months
following rehabilitation. Quality Life Research, 2004, vol. 13, no. 1,
pp. 97–110. DOI: 10.1023/B:QURE. 0000015 284.95515.17
- Mahdavi Haji.T., Mohammad K.S., Hatami M. The effectiveness of life skills
training on happiness, quality of life and emotion regulation.
Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2011, vol. 30, pp. 407–411.
- Mahvashe V.A. The effectiveness of life skills training on enhancing the
self- esteem of hearing impaired students in inclusive schools. Open Journal
of Medical Psychology, 2014, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 94–99.
- Mailhan L., Azouvi, P.D. Life satisfaction and disability after sever
traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury, 2005, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 303–318.
DOI: 10.1080/0269905 041000172014.
- Middelton J., Tran Y., Craig A. Relationship between quality of life and
self-efficacy in person with spinal cord injuries. Archives of Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2007,
vol. 88, no. 12, pp. 1643–1648. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.09.001
- Movallali G., Ashori M., Jolil A.S. The effectiveness of life skills
training on social skills of hearing impaired students. IOSR Journal of
Research and Method in Education, 2014, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 28–34.
- Parajapata R., Sharma B., Sharma D. Significant of life skills education.
Contemporary Issues in Education Research – First Quarter, 2017, vol.
10, no. 1, pp. 1–6. DOI: 10.19030/CIER.V10i1.9875
- Prasoon R., Chaturvedi K.R. Life satisfaction: A literature review.
International Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 2016, vol. 1,
no. 2, pp. 25–32.
- Puspakamara J. Effectiveness of life skills training in preventing common
issues among adolescents: a community based quasi experimental study (ALST).
Psychiatry Faculty of Medicine & Allied Sciences Rajarata University of Sri
- Rahmati B., Adibrad N., Tahmasian K.S., Sedghpour B. The effectiveness of
life skill training on social adjustment in children. Procedia Social and
Behavioral Sciences, 2010,
vol. 5, pp. 870–874. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.201.
- Roodbari Z., Sahdipoor E., Ghale S. The study of the Effect of Life Skills
Training on Social Development, Emotional and Social Compatibility Among First-
Grade Female High School in Neka City. Indian Journal of Fundamental and
Applied Sciences, 2013, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 382–390. Available at:
- Salmaniyan F., Espahbodi P.K., Jamali M. The effectiveness of life skills
training classes on increasing happiness and self-esteem in spouses of war
veterans with severity of disability of 25-75% of Minoodasht city.
International Journal of Economy, Management and Social Sciences, 2014,
vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 902–904.
- Somers M.F. Spinal cord injury. Functional rehabilitation. Prentice Hall.
United States. New Jersey. 2001. 458 p.
- Somers M.F. Spinal cord injury. Functional rehabilitation. 3rd ed. Upper
Saddle River: Prentice hall. 2010. 480 p.
- Van Leeuwev Christel M.C., Post M.W., Van Asbeck F.W., et al. Life
satisfaction in people with spinal cord injury during the first five years
after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Disability and
Rehabilitation, 2012, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 76–83.
- Van Leeuwen C.M., Post M.W., Van Asbeck F.W., et al. Social support and
life satisfaction in spinal cord injury during up to one year after inpatient
rehabilitation. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2010, vol. 42, no.
3, pp. 265–271. DOI:10.2340 /16501977-0502
- World Health Organization. Life skills education for children and
adolescents in schools. Introduction and guidelines to facilitate the
development and implementation of life skills programs. Geneva. 1997. 53