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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 3)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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The Influence of the Social Situation of Development on the Social Cognition in the Children-Orphans 838


Avakyan T.V.
Senior Lecture, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Counseling & Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Volikova S.V.
PhD in Psychology, Assistant Professor at the Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy Chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

Sorokova M.G.
Doctor of Education, PhD in Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Chair of Applied Mathematics, Faculty of Information Technology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

The influence of a specific social development situation on the operational and motivational components of social cognition in orphan adolescents investigated. The theoretical basis of the study was the provisions of the "social situation of development" L.S. Vygotsky, theories of attachment by J. Bowlby, the multifactor model of social cognition A.B. Kholmogorova, O.V. Rychkova. 68 orphans aged from 10 to 17 years old living in the orphanage examined. It shown that orphaned teenagers with an insecure type of attachment have more difficulty in understanding their own feelings, regardless of the length of their stay in the institution. Orphans living in institutions for more than 5 years have a higher level of social anxiety and distress during social interaction.

Keywords: orphans, attachment, the social situation of development, social cognition

Column: Empirical research


For Reference


The study carried out with the financial support of the Russian Scientific Fund (grant No. 14-18-03461) in the Serbsky State Scientific Center for Social and Forensic Psychiatry.

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