Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 8, no. 3)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Personal Anxiety and Emotion Regulation in the Context of Study of Post-Traumatic Stress 885

Bykhovets J., PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Development of the Subject in Normal and Post-Traumatic States, the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IP RAS), Moscow, Russia, bykhovets@yandex.ru
Padun M.A., PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory of Psychology of Development of the Subject in Normal and Post-Traumatic States, the Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IP RAS), Moscow, Russia, maria_padun@inbox.ru
Abstract
The study presents data of the relationship of personal anxiety with signs of posttraumatic stress. To explain the revealed features of the relationship of these variables, the methods of emotion regulation are used as a complex of mental processes that enhance or constrain emotional experiences of traumatic events of high intensity. The study was carried out in two stages: at the first stage, the specificity of the connection between the personal anxiety and the signs of posttraumatic stress symptoms was studied (486 respondents from Moscow, the Chechen Republic and Transbaikalia), at the second stage, the strategies of emotion regulation in persons with different levels of personal anxiety were studied (70 Moscow students were interviewed). Methods: the Mississippi Scale for Assessment of Posttraumatic Reactions (civil version) (MS), the Questionnaire of Diagnostics of Self-Assessment Charles D. Spielberger and Y. L. Hanina, Life Experience Questionnaire(LEQ), Questionnaire of Cognitive Regulation of Emotion N. Garnefski, the Questionnaire of Emotion Regulation J. Gross's. It is shown that personal anxiety has a positive relationship with the severity of posttraumatic stress. However, 9.6% of respondents with high personal anxiety have low rates of posttraumatic stress. Individuals with high personal anxiety tend to use emotion-management strategies such as self-blame, acceptance, rumination, catastrophization, blaming others and individuals with low personal anxiety use cognitive reassessment strategies associated with cognitive efforts to change attitudes toward a problem situation.

Keywords: personal anxiety, posttraumatic stress, regulation of emotions, resource, predictor, traumatic event, suppression of emotional expression

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2019080105

For Reference

References
  1. Aismontas B.B. Obshchaya psikhologiya: Skhemy [General psychology: Schemes]. Moscow: Vlados-Press, 2003. 288 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Bol'shoi psikhologicheskii slovar' [Great psychological dictionary]. In
    B.G. Meshcheryakova, V.P. Zinchenko (eds.) Moscow: Praim-Evroznak, 2003. 632 p.
    (In Russ.).
  3. Dorofeeva I.N., Padun M.A. Osobennosti samoregulyatsii i profil' lateral'noi organizatsii mozga [Features of self-regulation and profile of the lateral organization of the brain]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2012, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 118–125. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). 
  4. Padun M.A. Regulyatsiya emotsii: protsess, formy, mekhanizmy [Regulation of emotions: process, forms, mechanisms]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2010, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 57–69. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  5. Padun M.A. Regulyatsiya emotsii i ee narusheniya [Regulation of emotions and its violations]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya [Psychological Research], 2015, vol. 39, no. 5. http://psystudy.ru. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  6. Padun M.A., Zelyanina A.N. Strategii regulyatsii emotsii i emotsional'nye sostoyaniya: krosskul'turnye aspekty [Strategies of emotion regulation and emotional States: cross-cultural aspects]. In A.L. Zhuravlev, V.A. Kol'tsova (eds.), Fundamental'nye i prikladnye issledovaniya sovremennoi psikhologii: rezul'taty i perspektivy razvitiya [Fundamental and applied research of modern psychology: results and prospects of development]. Moscow: Publ. of Institut psikhologii RAN, 2017, pp. 1458–1467.
  7. Padun M.A., Klimova L.A. Regulyatsiya emotsii i psikhologicheskoe blagopoluchie [Regulation of emotions and psychological well-being]. In A.L. Zhuravlev, M.I. Volovikova, T.V. Galkina (eds.), Psikhologicheskoe zdorov'e i dukhovno-nravstvennye problemy sovremennogo obshchestva [Psychological health and spiritual and moral problems of modern society]. Moscow:  Publ. of Institut psikhologii RAN, 2014. pp. 242–256.
  8. Posttravmaticheskogo stressovoe rasstroistvo [Posttraumatic stress disorder].
    V.A. Soldatkina (ed.). Rostov-on-Don: Publ. of RostGMU, 2015. 624 p.
  9. Padun M.A., Tarabrina N.V. Psikhicheskaya travma i bazisnye kognitivnye skhemy lichnosti [Mental trauma and basic cognitive schemes of personality]. Moskovskii psikhoterapevticheskii zhurnal [Moscow Psychotherapeutic Journal], 2003. no. 1.
    pp. 121–141.
  10. Rasskazova E.I., Leonova A.B., Pluzhnikov I.V. Razrabotka russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika kognitivnoi regulyatsii emotsii [Development of the Russian version of the questionnaire of cognitive regulation of emotions]. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta [Bulletin of Moscow University], Ser. 14, Psychology, 2011, no. 4. pp. 161–179.
  11. Tarabrina N.V., Agarkov V.A., Bykhovets Yu.V., et al. Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po psikhologii posttravmaticheskogo stressa. Ch.1. Teoriya i metody [A practical guide to the psychology of post-traumatic stress. P. 1. Theory and methods]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2007. 208 p.
  12. Tarabrina N.V. Psikhologiya posttravmaticheskogo stressa [Psychology of post-traumatic stress]. Moscow: Publ. of Institut psikhologii RAN, 2009. 304 p.
  13. Davidson R.J. Affective style and affective disorders: perspectives from affective neuroscience. Cognition and Emotion, 1998, vol. 12, pp. 307–330.
  14. Gross J.J., Thompson R.A. Emotion Regulation: Conceptual foundations. In: J.J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of emotion regulation. New York: Guilford Press, 2007, pp. 3–24.
  15. Janoff-Bulman R. Rebuilding shattered assumptions after traumatic life events: Coping Processes and Outcomes. In C.R. Snider (ed.), Coping: The Psychology of What Works. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. 305–323.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????