Identification of Challenges and Strengths of Children with Special Educational Needs in Their Musical Improvisations 630
PhD, Director, CentrumTloskov (Residential Social Care Facility for Persons with Intellectual and Multiple Disability), Neveklov, Czechia
Assistant Professor, Faculty of Education, Institute of Special Education Studies, Palacky University in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czechia
The study of therapeutic uses of musical improvisation can help to improve music therapy assessment which is the aim of this paper. This paper identifies 1. the individual challenges and strengths that may help to deal with problems reflected in musical improvisations of children with special needs and, 2. ways of their identification while listening to the children’s musical expression. Data collected from 180 verbal descriptions of musical improvisations of four children with special needs and then analysed using grounded theory as well as content analysis of documents. It was found that music reflects children’s problems (with mainly bio-behavioural character) as well as their strengths that may be helpful in coping with those problems. Some theoretical guidelines for analysis of musical improvisation and the planning of music therapy intervention were suggested based on these findings.
Publication of this work was supported by the University of Palacky in Olomouc, the Czech Republic [Dean grant of the Faculty of education: The Creative Means as a Part of Education of Pupils with Special Needs, 2016].
De Backer J. Containment in music therapy. Ch. 3. In M.
Heal, A. Storr, Music therapy in health and education. London, UK:
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 1993.
Decker Woigt H.H., Weyman E. Lexikon Musiktherapie.
Hogrefe, Germany: Göttingen 2009, 2009. 420 p.
Bruscia K.E. The dynamics of music psychotherapy. Gilsum,
NH: Barcelona Publishers, 1998. 560 p.
Feder B., Cruz R.F. The Art and Science of Evaluation in
the Arts Therapies. 2nd ed. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas
Publisher, 2013. 396 p.
Hendl J. Kvalitativní výzkum. Praha, Czech Republic:
Karkou V. Arts therapies in schools. London: Jessica
Nordoff, P., Robbins, C. Creative Music Therapy: A Guide
to Fostering Clinical Musicianship. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, 2007. 516
Pavlicevic M. Dynamic Interplay in Clinical Improvisation.
Journal of British Music Therapy, 1990, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 5–9.
Priestley M. Essays on Analytical Music Therapy.
Pheonixville, PA: Barcelona Publishers, 1994. 335 p.
Särkämö T. Tervaniemi M., Laitinen S. Music listening
enhances cognitive recovery and mood after middle cerebral artery stroke.
Brain, 2008, no. 131, pp. 866–876. doi: doi:10.1093/brain/awn013.
Smeijsters H. Sounding the self: Analogy in
improvisational music therapy. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers, 2005. 214
Strauss A.L., Corbinová J. Základy kvalitativního výzkumu:
postupy a techniky metody zakotvené teorie. Vyd. 1. Boskovice, Czech Republic:
Albert, 1999, 196 s.
Tesch R. Qualitative research: Analysis Types and Software
Tools. New York: Falmer, 1990.
Thaut M., Hoemberg V. The Handbook of Neurologic Music
Therapy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. 384 p.
Weymann E., Tüpker R. Morphological Research. In B.
Wheeler (ed.), Music Therapy Research. Gilsum, NH: Barcelona Publishers,
Wong E. Clinical Guide to Music Therapy in Adult Physical
Rehabilitation Settings. Silver Spring, MD: American Music Therapy Association,
Zeleiová, J. Muzikoterapie: východiska, koncepty, principy
a praxe. Praha, Czech Republic: Portál, 2007, 254 s.