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Identification of Challenges and Strengths of Children with Special Educational Needs in Their Musical Improvisations 429
Lipsky M., PhD, Director, CentrumTloskov (Residential Social Care Facility for Persons with Intellectual and Multiple Disability), Neveklov, Czechia, email@example.com
Kantor J., Assistant professor, Faculty of Education, Institute of Special Education Studies, Palacky University in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czechia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The study of therapeutic uses of musical improvisation can help to improve music therapy assessment which is the aim of this paper. This paper identifies 1. the individual challenges and strengths that may help to deal with problems reflected in musical improvisations of children with special needs and, 2. ways of their identification while listening to the children’s musical expression. Data collected from 180 verbal descriptions of musical improvisations of four children with special needs and then analysed using grounded theory as well as content analysis of documents. It was found that music reflects children’s problems (with mainly bio-behavioural character) as well as their strengths that may be helpful in coping with those problems. Some theoretical guidelines for analysis of musical improvisation and the planning of music therapy intervention were suggested based on these findings.
Keywords: special needs, assessment, music therapy, musical improvisation, musical expression, analysis
Column: Empirical research
Publication of this work was supported by the University of Palacky in Olomouc, the Czech Republic [Dean grant of the Faculty of education: The Creative Means as a Part of Education of Pupils with Special Needs, 2016].