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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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Psychological Factors of the Professional Burnout Syndrome in Anesthesiologists and Intensive Care Physicians 396

Korehova M.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Psychology, Pedagogy and Physical Culture,, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Arkhangelsk, Russia
e-mail: mkorexova@mail

Soloviev A.G.
Doctor of Medicine, Head of the Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
e-mail: aSoloviev1@yandex.ru

Kirov M.
Doctor of Medicine, Head of the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
e-mail: mikhail_kirov@hotmail.com

Novikova I.
Doctor of Medicine, professor of Department of Family Medicine and Internal Diseases, Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
e-mail: ianovikova@mail.ru

Abstract
In order to identify the psychological factors of professional burnout of anesthesiologists and intensive care physicians, 61 physicians from the Arkhangelsk region were examined. Methods were used: questionnaire “Attitude to work and professional burnout” developed by V.A. Vinokur, McLean’s Organizational Stress Scale, Freiburg Personality Questionnaire (FPI), Anxiety Test developed by C.D. Spielberger and modified by Yu.A. Khanina, R. Lazarus and S. Volkman's Coping Test, methods for assessing the psychological atmosphere in the team developed by A.F. Fidler. It was established that 60,6% of anesthesiology and intensive care physicians have a high level of professional burnout. Three groups of factors affecting the emergence and development of professional burnout among physicians have been identified: individually personal (use of non-constructive coping strategies, high anxiety, emotional instability, depression, aggressiveness); socio-psychological (unfavorable socio-psychological climate in the team) and professional and organizational (lack of professional development and self-improvement, work tensions, low self-assessment of work quality, organizational stress). The article offers recommendations for the prevention of professional burnout in anesthesiology and intensive care physicians.

Keywords: professional burnout syndrome, professional stress, anesthesiologists, intensive care physicians, psychological prevention

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2019080202

For Reference

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