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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

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Preschoolers Attachment to the Mother and its Impact on Mental Health 377

Kuftyak E.V.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Chair of General Psychology, The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3723-0507
e-mail: elena.kuftyak@inbox.ru

Zadorova J.A.
PhD Student, Chair of General and Social Psychology, Kostroma State University, Kostroma, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6814-3583
e-mail: julia.zadorova@yandex.ru

Abstract
The research shows influence of attachment to mother on psychological health of pre-school children. 163 preschoolers aged 5 to 7 years examined. The evaluation of different areas of attachment of child to mother was held using "Mother-child attachment style measure questionnaire" (E.V. Pupyreva, 2007), the psychological health of children was measured by "Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire"(E.R. Slobodskaya et al., 2005). It has been found that by the end of pre-school age the perception of mother in the capacity of support source is becoming noticeable for boys. Shown that in children who demonstrate insecure attachment, registered emotional symptoms and internal problems, meanwhile children with secure attachment type are following the prosociality in behavior. Concluded that the act of reliable attachment (acceptance of a child by mother, emotional sensibility of mother) is the important predictor of mental health. Insufficient support of children by mother and small need of mother presence increase possibility of the emotional disturbance and the behavioral problems.

Keywords: attachment, type of attachment, emotional disorders, behavioral difficulties, predictors, gender, preschool childhood

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2020090109

For Reference

Funding

this work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (project № 18-013-01101 А “Attachment in childhood and relationship with mental health problems”)

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