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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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Fear of Сoronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Basic Personality Beliefs 296

Gritsenko V.V.
Doctor of Psychology, Proffesor, Faculty of Social Psychology, Department of Ethnopsychology and Psychological Problems of Multicultural Education, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7543-5709
e-mail: gritsenko2006@yandex.ru

Reznik A.D.
PhD, Senior Research Associate of the Regional Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4120-909X
e-mail: reznikal@bgu.ac.il

Konstantinov V.V.
PhD in Psychology, head of chair "General Psychology", Penza State University , Penza, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1443-3195
e-mail: konstantinov_vse@mail.ru

Marinova T.Y.
PhD in Biology, Dean of the Faculty of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1062-1391
e-mail: tamarinova@mail.ru

Khamenka N.V.
PhD in Medicine, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychiatry & Medical Psychology, Belarusian State Medical University, Minsk, Belarus
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7158-5219
e-mail: khamenka3@gmail.com

Isralowitz R.
PhD, and Director of Regional Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Center, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8413-1686
e-mail: richard@bgu.ac.il

Abstract
The article presents data on the experience of fear about the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), depending on the severity of personality basic beliefs. Authors interviewed 950 people aged 12 to 74 years (average age is 35 years). The study was conducted in March 2020 online. The intensity of fear about the coronavirus was studied using the COVID-19 fear scale developed by a team of scientists from Hong Kong, Iran, the United Kingdom and Sweden. The scale was tested for reliability and validity in the Iranian, Russian and Belarusian samples (Ahorsu D.K. et al., 2020; Reznik A. et al., 2020). The personality basic beliefs were diagnosed using the Scale of Basic Beliefs developed by R. Janoff-Bulman (translation and adaptation by O.A. Kravtsova) (Soldatova G.U. et al., 2008). Revealed that more than a third of the subjects have a high level of fear about the coronavirus. Showed that the low intensity of fear about the COVID-19 disease is associated with the severity of personality basic beliefs. Concluded that the personality basic beliefs in goodness and justice of the world around, the values and importance of own “Self” can act as psychological resources for coping a tough situation in life, the specificity of which is due to the fear about the coronavirus disease.

Keywords: fear, fear about the coronavirus, the coronavirus disease, the COVID-19, personality basic beliefs

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2020090205

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