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Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

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Natural Disasters and Life-threatening Diseases: Psychological Consequences 42

Kharlamenkova N.E.
Doctor of Psychology, Deputy director, Institute of Psychology of Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0508-4157
e-mail: nataly.kharlamenkova@gmail.com

Nikitina D.A.
postgraduate student, Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6695-1851
e-mail: d.a.nikitina@yandex.ru

Abstract
The article presents the results of the theoretical and empirical study of the psychological consequences of the different types of stressors impact on humans. A frequency analysis of extreme stressful events was carried out on the sample n=529 people (from 17 to 41 years old, 233 men and 296 women). In order to study the psychological consequences of certain types of stressors – natural disasters and life-threatening diseases influence, an analysis of post-traumatic stress and psychopathological symptoms was carried out in the part of the sample (n=90 people). The k-means cluster analysis divided the sample into three groups, the first of which included mainly respondents who indicated life-threatening diseases, and the third one – natural disasters; in the second group, events were distributed evenly. Comparison of different groups data allowed us to verify the hypothesis of the study. Revealed that the psychological consequences of natural disasters and life-threatening diseases differ in the level of post-traumatic stress and psychopathological symptoms – depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, paranoia and other symptoms, which are more pronounced in people with a severe somatic disease in anamnesis. The success of coping with psychological consequences of the various stressors influence is analyzed in the context of interpreting these consequences as a collective or individual trauma.

Keywords: natural disaster, life-threatening disease, post-traumatic stress, psychopathological symptoms.

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2020090210

For Reference

Funding

the study was funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research h according to the research project № 17-29-02155

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for N.N. Kazymova, who helped in developing the classification of traumatic events

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