Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Clinical Psychology and Special Education - №1 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 4)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Role of Alexithymia and Cognitive Emotion Regulation in the Development of Aggressive Behavior in Adolescents 180

|

Larionov P.M.
Doctoral student, Specialist of Psychological Tests Lab, Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4911-3984
e-mail: pavlm@outlook.com

Grechukha I.A.
Postgraduate student, Department of Developmental Psychology and Counseling, The Socio-psychological Faculty, Zhytomyr Ivan Franko State University, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1704-4320
e-mail: irinagreczucha@gmail.com

Abstract
The article discusses the role of cognitive emotion regulation (ER) as well as of individual alexithymic traits in the emergence of adolescents’ aggressive behavior. It is assumed that alexithymic traits cause aggression by developing maladaptive ER. 142 adolescents aged 12–17 were examined in order to study this mechanism, such questionnaires as Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), the Alexithymia Questionnaire for Children and the Buss–Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) were used as research methods. It has been discovered that the use of maladaptive ER strategies is a significant factor in the development of aggressive behavior. It was confirmed that the reduced ability to identify one’s feelings is associated with the risk of developing maladaptive ER strategies, which in its turn enhances aggression. An inclination to catastrophize and ruminate, experiencing stressful events acutely and continuously, as well as showing hostility are the traits of a teenager’s character which can be considered as predisposing to aggressive behavior. These features of dysfunctional ER can serve as targets in psychotherapeutic work and they should also be paid special attention to while conducting psycho-prophylaxis of aggressive behavior with adolescents.

Keywords: aggressive behavior, emotion regulation, alexithymia, adolescents, aggression, cognitive coping strategies, catastrophizing, rumination, risk factor, psycho-prophylaxis

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2020090404

For Reference

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to Ekaterina K. Ageenkova (PhD in Psychology) for critical comments on the manuscript

References
  1. Ageenkova E.K., Larionov P.M. Novye vozmozhnosti issledovaniya zhiznennogo stsenariya v protsesse psikhologicheskogo konsul'tirovaniya [New opportunities for studying the life scenario in the process of psychological counseling]. Dialog=Dialogue, 2018, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 18–31. (in Russ., abstr. in Russ.).
  2. Ageenkova E.K., Larionov P.M., Volchek V.A. Lichnostnye determinanty agressivnosti podrostkov [Personality determinants of adolescent aggression]. Psikhoterapiya=Psychotherapy, 2019, vol. 194, no. 2, pp. 86–94. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  3. Akimenko A.K. Vzaimosvyaz' aleksitimii, koping-strategii i stilya samoregulyatsii lichnosti [Relationship between Alexithymia, Coping Strategies and a Self-regulation Style]. Izvestiya Saratovskogo universiteta. Novaya seriya. Seriya Filosofiya. Psikhologiya. Pedagogika=Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Philosophy. Psychology. Pedagogy, 2016, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 311–316. DOI: 10.18500/1819-7671-2016-16-3-311-316 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  4. Berkowitz L. Agressiya: prichiny, posledstviya i kontrol' [Aggression: Its Causes, Consequences, and Control]. Saint-Petersburg: Praim-Evroznak, 2001. 512 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Brel' E.Yu. Aleksitimiya v norme i patologii: psikhologicheskaya struktura i vozmozhnosti preventsii: avtoreferat diss. ... dokt. psikhol. nauk [Alexithymia in norm and pathology: psychological structure and possibilities of prevention. Dr. Sci. (Psychology) Thesis]. Tomsk, 2018. 40 p.
  6. Brel' E.Yu. Aleksitimiya v strukture «prakticheski zdorovoi» lichnosti [Alexithymia in the structure of "apparently healthy" personality]. Sibirskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal=Siberian Journal of Psychology, 2018, no. 67, pp. 89–101. DOI: 10.17223/17267080/67/7 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  7. Brel' E.Yu., Stoyanova I.Ya. Fenomen aleksitimii v kliniko-psikhologicheskikh issledovaniyakh (obzor literatury) [Phenomenon of alexithymia in clinical-psychological studies (literature review)]. Sibirskii vestnik psikhiatrii i narkologii=Siberian Herald of Psychiatry and Addiction Psychiatry, 2017, vol. 97, no. 4, pp. 74–81. DOI: 10.26617/1810-3111-2017-4(97)-74-81 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  8. Brel' E.Yu. et al. Problema aleksitimii v kontekste mediko-psikhologicheskikh issledovanii. Chast' 1. Soderzhatel'nye kharakteristiki fenomena aleksitimii v kontekste psikhicheskikh i somaticheskikh narushenii [The problem of alexithymia in the context of medical and psychological research. Part 1. Content characteristics of the phenomenon of alexithymia in the context of mental and somatic disorders]. Meditsinskaya psikhologiya v Rossii=Medical Psychology in Russia, 2019, vol. 57, no. 4. URL: http://medpsy.ru/mprj/archiv_global/2019_4_57/nomer04.php (Accessed 02.06.2020). (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  9. Vasilyeva O.S., Gaus E.V. Vzaimosvyaz' urovnya aleksitimii s urovnem psikhologicheskikh zashchit i sostavlyayushchimi psikhologicheskogo blagopoluchiya [The interrelation of alexithymia level with the level of psychological protections and components of psychological well-being]. Severo-Kavkazskii psikhologicheskii vestnik=North-Caucasian Psychological Bulletin, 2017, no. 15/1, pp. 5-16. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  10. Gaus E.V., Pronenko E.A., Vasilyeva O.S. Misheni psikhologicheskoi raboty
    s lyud'mi, imeyushchimi vysokii uroven' aleksitimii [Targets of psychological work for high alexithymia people]. Vestnik Rossiiskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Seriya: Psikhologiya
    i pedagogika=RUDN Journal of Psychology and Pedagogics. Series: Psychology and Pedagogy
    , 2019, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 55–70. DOI: 10.22363/2313-1683-2019-16-1-55-70 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  11. Greben' N.F. Bulling sredi belorusskikh podrostkov i vozmozhnosti ego diagnostirovaniya [Bullying among Belarusian teenagers and the possibility of its diagnosis]. Adukatsyya і vykhavanne=Education and Upbringing, 2017, vol 310, no. 10, pp. 47–53. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  12. Davydov D.G., Khlomov K.D. Massovye ubiistva v obrazovatel'nykh uchrezhdeniyakh: mekhanizmy, prichiny, profilaktika [Massacres in educational institutions: mechanisms, causes, prevention]. Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal=National Psychological Journal, 2018, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 62–76. DOI: 10.11621/ npj.2018.0406 (in Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  13. Enikolopov S.N., Tsibul'skii N.P. Psikhometricheskii analiz russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika diagnostiki agressii A. Bassa i M. Perri [The psychometric analysis of the Russian Version of the Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry)]. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal=Psychological Journal, 2007, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 115–124. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  14. Esin O.R., Gorobets E.A., Khairullin I.K. Aleksitimiya u podrostkov s golovnoi bol'yu napryazheniya [Diagnosis of alexithymia in adolescents with tension-type headache]. Nevrologicheskii vestnik=Neurological Bulletin, 2018, vol. 4, pp. 40-43. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  15. Karpov V.O. Kul't Kolumbaina: osnovnye determinanty massovykh ubiistv v shkolakh [Cult of columbine: Main reasons for school shooting]. Vestnik Kazanskogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii=Bulletin of the Kazan Law Institute of the MIA of Russia, 2018, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 442–446. DOI: 10.24420/KUI.2018.49.27.001 (in Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  16. Klinicheskaya psikhologiya: Uchebnik dlya vuzov. 4-e izd. [Clinical Psychology: Textbook for Universities. 4th ed.]. In B.D. Karvasarskij (ed.). Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2011. 864 p. (In Russ.).
  17. Menshikova T.I. Spetsifika agressivnogo povedeniya podrostkov [Specific of aggressive behaviour of adolescents]. Vestnik Taganrogskogo instituta imeni A.P. Chekhova=Bulletin of the Taganrog Institute named after A.P. Chekhov], 2017, no. 2, pp. 106–115. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  18. Osavoliuk E.Yu., Kurginyan S.S. Kognitivnaya fleksibil'nost' lichnosti: teoriya, izmerenie, praktika [Person's cognitive flexibility: Theory, measurement, and practice]. Psikhologiya. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki=Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2018, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 128–144. DOI: 10.17323/1813-8918-2018-1-128-144 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  19. Padun M.A. Regulyatsiya emotsii i ee narusheniya [Emotion regulation and its disorders]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya=Psychological Studies, 2015, vol. 8, no. 39. URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/num/2015v8n39/1089-padun39.html (Accessed: 02.06.2020). (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  20. Pankratova A.A., Kornienko D.S. Russkoyazychnaya adaptatsiya oprosnika ERQ (Emotion Regulation Questionnaire) Dzh. Grossa [A Russian adaptation of the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire (J. Gross)]. Voprosy psikhologii=Questions of Psychology, 2017, no. 5, pp. 139–149. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  21. Polskaya N.A. Faktory riska i napravleniya profilaktiki samopovrezhdayushchego povedeniya podrostkov [Risk Factors and Approaches to Preventing Self-Injurious Behavior in Adolescents]. Klinicheskaya i spetsial'naya psikhologiya=Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2018, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1–20. DOI: 10.17759/cpse.2018070201 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  22. Polskaya N.A. Emotsional'naya regulyatsiya u podrostkov s suitsidal'nymi popytkami i samopovrezhdeniyami (Prilozhenie) [Emotional regulation in adolescents with suicidal attempts and self-injuries (Supplement)]. Voprosy psikhicheskogo zdorov'ya detei i podrostkov=Journal of Mental Health of Children and Adolescent, 2017, no. 2,
    pp. 191–193. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  23. Polskaya N.A., Vlasova N.V. Autodestruktivnoe povedenie v podrostkovom i yunosheskom vozraste [Self-destructive behavior in adolescence and youth]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya=Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2015, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 176–190. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2015230411 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  24. Polskaya N.A., Razvaliaeva A.Ju. Razrabotka oprosnika emotsional'noi disregulyatsii [Elektronnyi resurs] [The development of the Emotion Dysregulation Questionnaire]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya=Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2017, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 71–93. DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2017250406 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  25. Potapova N.A., Grekhov R.A., Suleymanova G.P., et al. Problemy izucheniya fenomena aleksitimii v psikhologii [Problems of studying alexithymia phenomenon in psychology]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 11: Estestvennye nauki=Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Natural Sciences, 2016, vol. 16, no. 2. pp. 65–73. DOI: 10.15688/jvolsu11.2016.2.8 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  26. Rasskazova E.I., Leonova A.B., Pluzhnikov I.V. Razrabotka russkoyazychnoi versii oprosnika kognitivnoi regulyatsii emotsii [Development of the Russian version of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 14. Psikhologiya=Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2011, no. 4, pp. 161–179. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  27. Rean A.A. Profilaktika agressii i asotsial'nosti nesovershennoletnikh [Prevention of aggression and antisocial behaviour in adolescents]. Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal=National Psychological Journal, 2018, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 3–12. DOI: 10.11621/ npj.2018.0201 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  28. Severyanova L.A., Plotnikov V.V., Plotnikov D.V. Integrativnye osnovy aleksitimii [The integrative fundamentals of alexithymia]. Uchenye zapiski SPbGMU im. I.P. Pavlova=The Record of the I.P. Pavlov St. Petersburg State Medical University, 2013, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 65–68. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  29. Starostina E.G., et al. Torontskaya shkala aleksitimii (20 punktov): validizatsiya russkoyazychnoi versii na vyborke terapevticheskikh bol'nykh [A new 20-item version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale: validation of the russian language translation in a sample of medical patients]. Sotsial'naya i klinicheskaya psikhiatriya=Social and Clinical Psychiatry, 2010, no. 4. pp. 31–38. (in Russ., аbstr. in Engl.).
  30. Fedorenko V.V., Belov V.G. Sootnoshenie agressivnosti, aleksitimii i tipa povedeniya u podrostkov [The relations between aggression, alexithymia and types of behavior in adolescents]. Mir psikhologii=World of Psychology, 2017, no. 1, pp. 153–158. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  31. Furmanov I.A. Detskaya agressivnost': psikhodiagnostika i korrektsiya [Children's Aggression: Psychodiagnostics and Correction]. Minsk: Il'in V.P., 1996. 192 p. (in Russ.).
  32. Baron R.M., Kenny D.A. The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1986, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1173–1182. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.51.6.1173
  33. Chen J., Xu T., Jing J., et al. Alexithymia and emotional regulation: A cluster analytical approach. BMC Psychiatry, 2011, vol. 11, no. 33. DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-11-33
  34. Contardi A., Imperatori C., Penzo I., et al. The association among difficulties in emotion regulation, hostility, and empathy in a sample of young Italian adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, vol. 7, article 1068. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01068
  35. Dubey A., Pandey R. Mental health problems in alexithymia: Role of positive and negative emotional experiences. Journal of Projective Psychology & Mental Health, 2013, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 128–136.
  36. Ghabeshi M.B., Ghasemi M., Hashemi H.M. Moderator Effects of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Skills on the Relationship between Aggression and Physical Health. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 2016, vol. 6(3S), pp. 273–276.
  37. Hayes A.F. Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis, Second Edition. New York: Guilford Publications, 2018. 692 p.
  38. Helmsen J., Koglin U., Petermann F. Emotion Regulation and Aggressive Behavior in Preschoolers: The Mediating Role of Social Information Processing. Child Psychiatry & Human Development, 2012, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 87–101. DOI: 10.1007/s10578-011-0252-3
  39. Hemming L., Haddock G., Shaw J., et al. Alexithymia and its associations with depression, suicidality, and aggression: An overview of the literature. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2019, no. 10. DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00203
  40. Preacher K.J., Leonardelli G.J. Calculation for the Sobel test: An interactive calculation tool for mediation tests. URL: http://quantpsy.org/sobel/sobel.htm (Accessed: 01.06.2020).
  41. Rey L., Extremera N. Physical-verbal aggression and depression in adolescents: The role of cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Universitas Psychologica, 2012, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1245–1254.
  42. Rieffe C., Oosterveld P., Meerum Terwogt M. An alexithymia questionnaire for children: Factorial and concurrent validation results. Personality and Individual Differences, 2006, no. 40, pp. 123–133. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.05.013
  43. Roberton T., Daffern M., Bucks R.S. Emotion regulation and aggression. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 2012, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 72–82. DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2011.09.006
  44. Sfärlea A., Dehning S., Keller L.K., et al. Alexithymia predicts maladaptive but not adaptive emotion regulation strategies in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa or depression. Journal of Eating Disorders, 2019. № 7. DOI: 10.1186/s40337-019-0271-1
  45. Sołtys M., Grzankowska I. Emocjonalność rodziców a natężenie zachowań agresywnych u dzieci [Emotionality of parents and aggressive behaviour among children]. Polskie Forum Psychologiczne=Polish Psychological Forum, 2015, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 201–215. DOI: 10.14656/PFP20150204 (in Polish, аbstr. in Engl.).
  46. Swart M., Kortekaas R., Aleman A. Dealing with feelings: Characterization of trait alexithymia on emotion regulation strategies and cognitive-emotional processing. PLoS ONE, 2009, no. 4, pp. 255–262. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0005751
  47. United Nations Children’s Fund. A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents. New York: UNICEF, 2017. 96 p. UNICEF Data and Analytics Section, Division of Data, Research and Policy. URL: https://www.refworld.org/docid/5a0b00e34.html (Accessed: 12.01.2020).
  48. van der Cruijsen R., Murphy J., Bird G. Alexithymic traits can explain the association between puberty and symptoms of depression and anxiety in adolescent females. PLoS ONE, 2019, vol. 14, no. 1. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210519
  49. Vorst H.C.M., Bermond B. Validity and reliability of the Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire. Personality and Individual Differences, 2001, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 413–434. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00033-7
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????