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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 4)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

The Indicators of Psychological Adaptation in Patients with Cardiovascular Pathology Against the Background of Connective Tissue Dysplasia 21

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Yavorskaya M.V.
Senior Lecturer, Department of Clinical Psychology, Pacific State Medical University" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Vladivostok, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9269-3830
e-mail: marina31255@mail.ru

Kravtsova N.A.
Doctor of Psychology, Head of the Department of Clinical Psychology, Pacific State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2841-4144
e-mail: kranatali@yandex.ru

Abstract
The article presents the results of a study of psychological adaptation in patients with cardiac pathology against the background of connective tissue dysplasia, conducted at the Regional Clinical Center for Specialized Types of Medical Care in Vladivostok. It was hypothesized that patients with concomitant connective tissue dysplasia will have lower adaptive capacity than patients without this syndrome. The study involved 32 girls 16–18 years old (M=16.72; SD=0.41) with cardiovascular pathology on the background of connective tissue dysplasia and 32 girls of the same age (M=16.78; SD=0.40) with cardiovascular disease without connective tissue dysplasia. To assess the severity of adaptive capabilities, the following methods were used: the Questionnaire of socio-psychological adaptation (A.K. Osnitsky, 2004), the Multi-level Personality Questionnaire "Adaptability" developed by А.G. Maklakov and S.V. Chermyanin, the Communicative Tolerance Questionnaire (V.V. Boyko), K. Ryff's scale of Psychological Well-being adapted by N.N. Lepeshinsky, the Oxford Happiness Inventory adapted by A. Lisitsina (2003). The significant intergroup differences (p<0.05) were revealed in terms of neuropsychic and emotional stability, working capacity, self-esteem, need for communication, behavioral features, experiences of psychological well-being, feelings of happiness, socialization and adaptation, motivation for activity, tolerance to adverse factors environment, as well as indicators of the communicative capabilities of the individual. The results obtained indicate reduced indicators of psychological adaptation in adolescent patients with cardiac pathology against the background of connective tissue dysplasia. These results can be used in the development of individual psychocorrectional programs to improve the social adaptation of girls with connective tissue dysplasia syndrome.

Keywords: girls, cardiovascular pathology, adaptation, connective tissue dysplasia

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2021100110

For Reference

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