Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Clinical Psychology and Special Education - №3 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 10, no. 2)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2012

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Analysis of Individual and Social Forms of Psychological Trauma 50

|

Krasilo A.I.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Child and Adolescent Clinical Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1996-0629
e-mail: aikrasilo@list.ru

Abstract
The article attempts to determine its socio-psychological essence through the analysis of the social form of psychological trauma, as well as to identify the psychological nature of the pathological neoplasms that have arisen as a result of it, the specificity of which largely determines the methods and technology of personalistic counseling. These neoplasms are both individual psychological, including the sphere of experiences, and socio-psychological, affecting the relationship of the victims. The integration of the dominant parasitic "Ego" into the depth of the victim's personality, up to the very first level of the primary trusting relationship between the all-powerful and loving mother and a helpless child, we called the introjection of the personifier. As a result of the analysis, we come to the need for a specific restructuring of the irrational relationships of the victim with two other participants in the traumatic situation: the beneficiary, who receives personal benefits from this situation, and the reference group of the victim, who is traumatically personified by him in the image of an impersonal social personifier. The main methods of victims’ examination during the thirty years of counseling were: clinical conversation and projective methods of personality research.

Keywords: orientation, inexhaustibility of trauma, traumatic situation, personifier, personifier introjection, power relationships, basic trust, fluctuation of social norms, social choice

Column: Scientific discussions

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2021100314

For Reference

References
  1. Adler A. Praktika i teoriya individual'noi psikhologii [Practice and theory of individual psychology]. Moscow: Progress, 1995. 291 p. (In Russ.).
  2. Berdyaev N.A. Tsarstvo dukha i tsarstvo kesarya [The Kingdom of the spirit and the Kingdom of Caesar]. Moscow: Respublika, 1995. 383 p. (In Russ.)
  3. Vasilyuk F.E. Psikhologiya perezhivaniya [Psychology of experience]. Moscow: publ. of Moscow State University, 1984. 200 p. (In Russ.)
  4. Vinnikokt D.V. Igra i real'nost' [Game and reality]. Moscow: Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2017. 208 p. (In Russ.).
  5. Vygotskii L.S. Problemy razvitiya psikhiki. Sobranie sochinenii: v 6 t. [ Problems of development of the mind. Collected works: in 6 vol.]. Vol. 3. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1983. 368 p. (In Russ.)
  6. Gal'perin P.Ya. Lektsii po psikhologii [Lectures on psychology]. Moscow: Universitet, 2002. 400 p. (In Russ.)
  7. Dobrovich A.B. Vospitatelyu o psikhologii i psikhogigiene obshcheniya [Educator on psychology and psycho-hygiene of communication]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie, 1987. 250 p. (In Russ.)
  8. Dostoevskii F. Prestuplenie i nakazanie. V 15 tomah [Crime and punishment: in 15 vol.]. Vol. 5. Leningrad: Nauka, 1989. 575 p. (In Russ.)
  9. Ermolaeva M.V., Lubovskii D.V. Kliniko-psikhologicheskaya kharakteristika i ekzistentsial'naya sushchnost' «florentiiskogo sindroma» [Clinical and psychological characteristics and the existential essence of the "Florentine syndrome»]. Konsul'tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya=Consultative Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 25–41. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). DOI: 10.17759/cpp.2020280303.
  10. Klyain M. Detskii psikhoanaliz [Child psychoanalysis], Moscow: Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2016. 156 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Krasilo A.I. Psikhologicheskoe konsul'tirovanie posttravmaticheskikh sostoyanii [Psychological counseling for post-traumatic conditions]. Moscow: publ. of MPSI, 2004.
    96 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Krasilo A.I. Psikhologicheskoe konsul'tirovanie: problemy, tekhnologii [Psychological counselling: the problems of technology]. Moscow: MODEK, 2007. 504 p. (In Russ.).
  13. Krasilo A.I. Spetsificheskie osobennosti i problemy personalisticheskogo konsul'tirovaniya [Psychological counselling: the problems of technology]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya=Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2014, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 95–104. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  14. Krasilo D.A. Metodika issledovaniya real'nogo samoopredeleniya podrostkov i molodezhi [Methodology for the study of real self-determination of adolescents and youth]. Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika=Psychological Diagnostics, 2017, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 59–77. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.). DOI: 10.17759/sps.2021120108
  15. Lazarus R. Teoriya stressa i psikhofiziologicheskie issledovaniya [Theory of stress and psychophysiological research]. In L. Levi (ed.), Ehmotsional'nyi stress=Emotional Stress. Leningrad: Meditsina, 1970, pp. 178–208. (In Russ.)
  16. Laplansh Zh. Pontalis Zh. Slovar' po psikhoanalizu [Dictionary of psychoanalysis]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola, 1996. 623 p. (In Russ.)
  17. Leont'ev A.N. Lektsii po obshchei psikhologii [Lectures on general psychology]. Moscow: Smysl, 2000. 509 p. (In Russ.)
  18. Leontiev D.A. Kulturno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya deyatel'nosti v kontekstve "funktsionalnoy paradigmy" [Cultural and historical psychology of activity in the context of a "functional paradigm"]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya=Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2020, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 19–24. DOI: 10.17759/chp. 2020160203 (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  19. Maslou A. Novye rubezhi chelovecheskoi prirody [New frontiers of human nature]. Moscow: Smysl, 2019. 496 p. (In Russ.)
  20. Nemirovskii K. Vinnikott i Kokhut. Novye perspektivy v psikhoanalize, psikhoterapii i psikhiatrii. Intersub"ektivnost' i slozhnye psikhicheskie rasstroistva [Winnicott and Kohut: New perspectives in psychoanalysis, psychotherapy, and psychiatry. Intersubjectivity and complex mental disorders]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2010. 217 p.
    (In Russ.)
  21. Novgorodtseva A.P. Vnutrennie konflikty podrostkovogo vozrasta [Internal conflicts of adolescence]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya=Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2006, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 38–50. (In Russ., abstr. in Engl.).
  22. Osnovy mikropsikhoanaliza: prodolzhenie idei Freida [Fundamentals of micropsychoanalysis: continuation of the ideas of Freud. Edited by Bruna Marzi]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2018. 466 p. (In Russ.)
  23. Padun M.A., Kotelnikova A.V. Psikhicheskaya travma i kartina mira: teoriya, empiriya, praktika [Psychological trauma and the picture of the world: theory, empirics, and practice]. Moscow: publ. of Institute of Psychology RAS, 2019. 206 p. (In Russ.)
  24. Pasternak B. Sobranie sochinenii: v. 11 tomah. Doktor Zhivago [Collected Works: in 11 vol. Doctor Zhivago]. Vol. 4. Moscow: Slovo, 2004. 760 p. (In Russ.)
  25. Perlz F.S. Geshtal't-Podkhod i Svidetel' Terapii [Gestalt Approach and eyewitness to Therapy]. Moscow: Libris, 1996. 216 p. (In Russ.)
  26. Rodzhers K.R. Stanovlenie lichnosti. Vzglyad na psikhoterapiyu [Becoming
    a person. A look at psychotherapy]. Moscow: Institut obshchegumanitarnykh issledovanii, 2018. 240 p. (In Russ.)
  27. Sallivan G.S. Interpersonal'naya teoriya v psikhiatrii [Interpersonal theory of psychiatry]. Saint-Petersburg: Juventus, 1999. 347 p. (In Russ.)
  28. Stetsenko A.P. Kriticheskie problemy v kul'turno-istoricheskoi teorii deyatel'nosti: neotlozhnost' sub"ektnosti [Critical problems in the cultural-historical theory of activity: the urgency of subjectivity]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psikhologiya=Cultural-Historical Psychology, 2020, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 5–18. DOI: 10.17759/chp.2020160202
  29. Stolorou R., Branshaft B., Atvud Dzh. Klinicheskii psikhoanaliz. Intersub’ektivnyi podkhod [Clinical Psychoanalysis. Intersubjective approach]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2011. 256 p. (In Russ.)
  30. Tarabrina N.V. Psikhologiya posttravmaticheskogo stressa: teoriya i praktika [Psychology of post-traumatic stress: theory and practice]. Moscow: publ. of Institute of Psychology RAS, 2019. 304 p. (In Russ.)
  31. Terapevticheskie otnosheniya v psikhoanalize. [Therapeutic relations in psychoanalysis. Scientific editors: I. Romanov and K. Yagnyuk.]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2007. 236 p. (In Russ.)
  32. Tolstykh N.N., Kulagina I.Yu., Apasova E.V. et al. Sotsial'naya vozrastnaya psikhologiya: Uchebnoe posobie dlya vuzov [Social age psychology: A textbook for universities]. Moscow: Akademicheskii Proekt. Seriya Gaudeamus, 2019. 345 p. (In Russ.)
  33. Trevoga i trevozhnost': khrestomatiya [Anxiety and anxiety: a textbook. Edited by V. M. Astapov.]. Moscow, Saratov: Ai Pi Er Media, 2019. 240 p. (In Russ.)
  34. Freid Z. Psikhologiya seksual'nosti [Psychology of sexuality]. Khar'kov: Folio, 2009. 287 p. (In Russ.)
  35. Freid Z. «Ya» i «Ono». Trudy raznykh let: v 2 t. ["I" and "It". Works of different years: in 2 vol.]. Vol. 1. Tbilisi: MeranI, 1991. 399 p. (In Russ.)
  36. Fromm E. Dusha cheloveka [The soul of a man]. Moscow: Respublika, 1992. 430 p. (In Russ.)
  37. Khorni K. Nashi vnutrennie konflikty. Konstruktivnaya teoriya nevroza [Our internal conflicts. Constructive theory of neurosis]. Saratov: Ai Pi Er Media, 2019. 218 p.
    (In Russ.)
  38. 38   Kh'ell L., Zigler D. Teorii lichnosti. [Theories of personality]. Saint-Petersburg: Peter, 1997. 606 p. (In Russ.).
  39. Effektivnaya terapiya posttravmaticheskogo stressovogo rasstroistva [Effective therapy of post-traumatic stress disorder]. E. Foa, T.M. Keen, M. Friedman (eds.). Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr, 2005, 467 p. (In Russ.)
  40. Yung K. Konflikty detskoi dushi [Conflicts of the child's soul]. Moscow: Kanon, 1994. 336 p. (In Russ.).
  41. Yaspers K. Sobranie sochinenii po psikhopatologii v 2 t. [Collected works on psychopathology in 2 t.]. Vol. 2. Moscow: Akademiya, 1996. 256 p. (In Russ.)
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2021 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????