Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 25, no. 4)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus

CrossRef

Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Personality Development Features of Children Raised under Conditions of Maternal Deprivation 2660

Prihozhan A.M.
PhD in Psychology, Senior researcher at the Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education. Professor at the Developmental psychology chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education., Moscow, Russia
e-mail: a.prihojan@gmail.com

Tolstykh N.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Division Head of the Social Psychology of Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3999-4503
e-mail: nnvt@list.ru

Abstract
The article presents findings of a multi-year multifaceted research on intellectual, affective-need, and volitional spheres of orphans’ development. The findings are interpreted from a perspective of the concept of personality development by L.I. Bozhovich. They indicate the underdevelopment of internal mechanisms of mediation, development of which creates the possibility of transition from reactive to active, free behavior. The latter, in its turn, determines the main path of personality development. The study materials show how exactly “reactivity, rather than activity” of behavior is manifested in school aged children that are brought up in an orphanage while they solve intellectual problems, when they communicate with adults and peers, in situation of arbitrary regulation of behavior, in their motivation and Self-concept. The features of personality and behavior are viewed as various types of protective formations which ensure adaptation to conditions of children’s closed institution, but also impede development of an active person.

For Reference

References
  1. Bozhovich L. I. Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste. SPb., 2008.
  2. Bowlby J. Privyazannost’. M., 2003.
  3. Bowlby J. Sozdanie i razrushenie emocional’nyh svyazei. M., 2004.
  4. Vygotsky L. S. Istoriya razvitiya vysshih psihicheskih funkcii. Sobr. soch.: V 6 t. Т. 3. M., 1983.
  5. Vy reshili usynovit’ rebenka / G. S. Krasnickaja i dr. M., 2001.
  6. Langmejer J., Matejchek Z. Psihicheskaja deprivaciа v detskom vozraste. Praga, 1984.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????