Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 25, no. 1)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Included in Scopus

CrossRef

Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Psychosocial Development of Adolescents with Mild Intellectual Disabilities 2151

Indenbaum E.L.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Clinical and Psychological Bases of Defectology and Speech Therapy, Department of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, East Siberian State Academy of Education, Russia

Abstract
The article presents the author’s interpretation of the psychosocial development of adolescents with mild intellectual disabilities.The components of social competence of the adolescents and youths, such as: knowledge and representations about the world around, social representations, communicative competence, and auto-psychological competence are analized. The data on psychosocial adaptation and the significance of its various components for post-school socialization are provided. It is noted that all components of the social competence – results of the interpersonal relationships assessment, attitudes toward school, representations of past and future – are characterized by defects and peculiarities. In particular high expectations from the future, neutral attitude to the past and lack of precision and differentiation of various representations are typical for children in this category. Development of the auto-psychological competence is considered as the least potentially adjustable. The types of deformations in the psychosocial development, its retardation and combinations of these features that have the greatest threat to socialization are highlighted. The necessity of a special monitoring of the psychosocial development, of a special effort on the upbringing the socially approved modes of behavior, on the improvement of the social orientation is justified since outside of the correctional education system there is high percentage of deformation in psychosocial development, manifested in a negative self-presentation, in disordered system of relations, in delinquency.

Keywords: adolescents, mental retardation, delay in mental development, psychosocial development

Column: Psychology of People with Special Needs

For Reference

References
  1. Belopol'skaya N. L. Psihologicheskaya diagnostika lichnosti detei s zaderzhkoi psihicheskogo razvitiya. M., 2009.
  2. Zaigraeva N. V. Polorolevye predstavleniya podrostkov s intellektual'noi nedosta-tochnost'yu: genezis i osobennosti. Irkutsk, 2007.
  3. Kalinina N. V. Formirovanie social'noi kompetentnosti kak mehanizm ukrepleniya psihicheskogo zdorov'ya podrastayushego pokoleniya // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2001. № 1.
  4. Kondrat'ev M. Yu. Tipologicheskie osobennosti psihosocial'nogo razvitiya podrostkov // Voprosy psihologii. 1997. № 3.
  5. Korobeinikov I. A., Indenbaum E. L. Problemy diagnostiki, korrekcii i prognoza pri organizacii soprovozhdeniya detei s legkim psihicheskim nedorazvitiem // Defektologiya. 2009. № 5.
  6. Mnogoosevaya klassifikaciya psihicheskih rasstroistv v detskom i podrostkovom vozraste. Klassifikaciya psihicheskih i povedencheskih rasstroistv u detei i podrostkov v sootvetstvii s MKB-10. M. SPb., 2003.
  7. Pedagogika razvitiya: stanovlenie kompetentnosti i rezul'taty obrazovaniya v razlichnyh podhodah / Pod red. B. I. Hasana. Krasnoyarsk, 2004.
  8. Predposylki i usloviya uspeshnoi socializacii pri trudnostyah razvitiya / Pod red. E. L. Indenbaum. Irkutsk, 2008.
  9. Fel'dshtein D. I. Psihologicheskie zakonomernosti social'nogo razvitiya lichnosti v ontogeneze // Voprosy psihologii. 1985. № 6.
  10. Shepko E. L. Psihodiagnostika narushenii razvitiya u detei. Irkutsk, 2000.
  11. Shipicyna L. M. «Neobuchaemyi» rebenok v sem'e i obshestve. Socializaciya detei s narusheniyami intellekta. SPb., 2002.
  12. Sherbakova A. M. Formirovanie social'noi kompetentnosti u uchashihsya starshih klassov special'nyh obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenii VIII vida // Defektologiya. 2001. № 3.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????