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Peculiarities of the Сhild’s Attachment to the Mother, Child-parent Relation Style and the Child’s Adaptation to the Kindergarten 3262
The article represents a research on correlation between the quality of the child’s attachment to the mother, the type of interaction in a dyad and the course of adaptation to the kindergarten among 1–3-year-old children. The research involved 52 mother-child pairs. The following research techniques were applied: adaptation list analysis; interviews with kindergarten teachers intended to reveal peculiarities in the child’s period of adaptation as well as in other-attachment manifestation; observation of children’s behavior in the group (including behavior at meeting and separating from the mother, and during a free game activity, communications with adults and peers); parent questioning to reveal peculiarities of adaptation and the type of attachment to the mother, as well as questionnaires to study child-parent interaction (“Parent-Child Interactions” I. M. Markovskaya and “Questionnaire on Child-Parent Affective Interaction” E. I. Zakharova). The research findings have proved that favorable adaptation behavior is demonstrated by children with secure attachment and upon a high level of mother’s affective interaction with a child. Unfavorable adaptation is noted with children with insecure attachment and deficiency in mother’s positive affecive interaction with and attitude to the child.
Keywords: the child’s adaptation to the kindergarten, attachment to the mother, interaction style, mother’s affective attitude to the child