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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


A system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment 1566


Pavlova T.S.
research associate, research laboratory «Scientific and Methodological Basis of Emergent Psychological Aid», Center for Emergent Psychological Aid, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

Bannikov G.S.
PhD in Medicine, senior researcher, Center for Urgent Psychological Help, head of laboratory Scientific-methodical support of urgent psychological help, Moscow State Research Institute of Psychiatry, Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia

The contribution presents an analysis and generalization of the experience of foreign colleagues (the USA) aiming at helping Russian specialists to know the most effective developments in the field of critical psychological help. In the contribution a system of critical psychological help is understood as a complex of actions on preventing and minimizing the consequences of a critical event, rendering urgent psychological help and subsequent counseling of psychologically traumatized persons. It presents a historical review of the development of the system of critical psychological help to the subjects of educational environment in the USA. It analyzes the strategies of critical psychological help in chronological order: preparation for critical situations in educational institutions (school crisis plans), direct response to crisis (psychological first aid), working with psychotrauma. An algorithm of working in critical situation is give (PREPaRE model: prevention of psychological traumatization, support of physical health and sense of security, evaluation of psychological traumatization, securing of interventions, response to psychological needs and evaluation of effectiveness of critical preventive measures and interventions), the most effective methods of working with children’s psychological trauma are identified.

Keywords: critical psychological help, security of educational environment, school crisis plans, urgent psychological help, work with psychotrauma

Column: Educational Psychology

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