OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
|JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice||For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us|
Self-attitude in the context of personal maturity characteristics in adolescents 1538
Dermanova I.B., Associate Professor, Chair of Developmental Psychology and Differential Psychology, Department of Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The article is devoted to understanding the relationship between different indicators of self-attitudes and several characteristics of personal maturity (development of moral judgments, focus on self-realization, subjectivity, acceptance of the other) in adolescents. Adolescence and early adulthood is characterized by contradictoriness and insufficient maturity of self-awareness, mobility and volatility of various components of self-attitude. It is the process of self-awareness development that makes adolescents particularly vulnerable, anxious and insecure. In this connection, we formulated the hypothesis that the expression of certain aspects of personal maturity is accompanied by a less pronounced predisposition towards its own Self. To prove this, we present the results of two empirical studies. Subjects were students aged 14 to 17: 60 participants (29 boys, 31 girls) in the first study, and 213 (75 boys and 138 girls) – in the second. The following methods were used: L. Kohlberg Dilemmas; SAMOAL inventory; M. Rosenberg Self-esteem scale; T. Dembo and S. Ya. Rubinstein self-estimation method in A.M Prikhozhan modification; K. Rogers and R. Diamond Social-psychological adaptation inventory; M.A. Shchukina URSL; D. Sachs and S. Levy Incomplete sentences. The main result of both studies is that more personally mature subjects have relatively lower or unstable levels of self-respect, but higher levels of acceptance of others.
Keywords: self-esteem, self-attitude, self-esteem, personal maturity, moral consciousness, focus on self-realization, subjectivity, adolescence and early adulthood.