Previous issue (2020. Vol. 25, no. 4)
Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)
Characteristics of communicative competence of adolescents with various forms of mental deficit in conditions of inclusive and special education 1530
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of the Chair of Clinical and Psychological Bases of Defectology and Speech Therapy, Department of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, East Siberian State Academy of Education, Russia
We present the continuation of our article published in Issue 2, 2010, aimed at studying several aspects of communicative competence of adolescents with mental retardation and developmental delays in different pedagogical conditions (special and inclusive education). We show the dependence of communicative competence on both the level of cognitive impairment and psychological type of a teenager, and the conditions of learning. The survey included 296 adolescents with mental retardation, mental development delay. We used expert, self-assessment and psychodiagnostic methods for studying various aspects of communicative competence. It is shown that under conditions of constant interaction with peers with normal intelligence (inclusive education), both positive and negative consequences occur. Education in special (correctional) secondary school generates the illusion of better communicative situation, however prognosis of successful communication beyond the school is unsatisfactory. The possible ways are revealed to improve the work of the psychologist on communicative competence.
Keywords: inclusive education, special education, communicative competence, interpersonal relationships, adolescents, mental retardation, mental development delay
Column: Research of inclusive education
- Bulanova O. V. Fenomen «pedagogicheskoe ot- verzhenie»: stepen'
rasprostranennosti, rol' obra- zovanija i pedagogicheskoj praktiki [The
phenome- non of «pedagogical rejection»: the extent of the role of education
and teaching practice] / O. V. Bulanova,
- Ju. Panasjuk. Mir psihologii. [World of psycho- logy], 2002, no. 1. Р.
- Indenbaum E. L. Psihosocial'noe razvitie pod- rostkov s legkoj
intellektual'noj nedostatochnost'ju [Psychosocial development of adolescents
with mild intellectual disabilities]. Psihologicheskaja nauka i
obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2010, no. 2. Р. 72–81.
- Indenbaum E. L. Psihosocial'noe razvitie podrost- kov s legkimi
formami intellektual'noj nedostatoch- nosti [Psychosocial development of
adolescents with mild forms of mental deficiency]: avtoref. dis. … dokt.
psihol. nauk Moscow, 2011. 40 р.
- Korobejnikov I. A. Narushenija razvitija i social'naja
adaptacija [Developmental disorders and social
adaptation] / I. A. Korobejnikov. Moscow: Per Se, 2002. 192 р.
- Labunskaja V. A. Psihologicheskij portret sub'ekta zatrudnennogo
obshhenija [Psychological portrait subjects of hindered communication project].
Psi- hologicheskij zhurnal [Psychological journal], 2003. T. 24, no. 5.
- Sergeeva V. A. Rol' obraznogo oposredstvovanija v mezhlichnostnom
vzaimodejstvii i ego aktivizacija u junoshej i devushek s trudnostjami
social'no-psi- hologicheskoj adaptacii [Figurative role of mediation in
interpersonal interaction and its activation in boys and girls with the
difficulties of social and psychologi- cal adaptation]: Avtoref. dis. … kand.
psihol. nauk. Irkutsk, 2004. 19 р.
- Sherbakova A. M. Formirovanie social'noj kom- petentnosti u
uchashhihsja starshih klassov spe- cial'nyh obrazovatel'nyh uchrezhdenij VIII
vida [For- mation of social competence among high school students of
specialized educational establishments type VIII]. Defektologija [Defectology],
2001, no. 3. P. 31–36.