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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Role of Social Demographic Factors and Parental Position in the Development of Preschool Child 1354

Sobkin V.S.
PhD in Psychology, Director of the Centre of Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

Veraksa A.N.
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Bukhalenkova D.A.
PhD in Psychology, Junior Researcher at the Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Fedotova A.V.
researcher, Centre for Sociology of Education, Institute of Management of Education of the RAE, Moscow, Russia

Khalutina U.A.
researcher, Centre for Sociology of Education, Institute of Management of Education of the RAE, Moscow, Russia

Yakupova V.A.
PhD in Psychology, researcher, Department of Methodology, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

The research aims at studying the connection between the child’s mental development and socio-demographic factors and socio-psychological aspects of parent – child relationships.The article is based upon the results obtained through testing of 59 children between 5 and 7 years old, as well as the results of a special sociological questionnaire presented to their mothers.The data show that boys have higherresults at visual memory, girls scored better at tests for self-regulation and social intelligence.Children from single-parent families had better results at verbal memory tests, but lower level of development of executive functions and decentration ability.Mothers’ educational level influence the amount and intensity of children’s fears, as well as their inclination to avoid fearsome situations.The parenting position features analysis shows it’s connection to executive functions development (all differences are significant p≤0.05).The present research showed a considerable amount of essentially interpreted connections between socio-demographic factors and parent – child relationships to the specifics of a child’s mental development.

Keywords: child’s mental development, social situation of development, preschool age, parent – child relationships, executive functions, social intelligence

Column: Educational Psychology


For Reference


This work was supported by grant RFH № 16-18-00073.

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