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Environmental Awareness of Children Aged 6—10 Years from the Standpoint of Dialectical Thinking 475
Junior researcher, Laboratory of ecopsychology of development and psychodidactics, FSBSI “Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education”, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Cand. Sci. (Psychology), Leading Research Associate, Laboratory of developmental ecopsychology and psychodydactics, Psychological Institute, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
The article presents results of an empirical research of cognitive, affective (emotional) and behavioral components of ecological consciousness in 323 children of preschool and primary school age (6—10 years).It was found that preschool age children underestimate the impact of nature on man, but at the same time overestimate the human impact on nature. Children of this age attributed greater importance to being emotionally close with nature than children of primary school age. When choosing between the industrial, social or natural environment, children of both age groups give preference to the natural environment, leaving the industrial one the least preferred. The outcomes of this research were used to analyze the development of dialectical thinking (actions of transformation and association) in children of these age groups. As it was revealed, dialectical thinking in children of preschool age is predominantly visual. In primary school children, the visual form is replaced by conceptual and symbolic thinking, although still in an underdeveloped form. The article concludes that the first two years of school education have little influence on the development of dialectical thinking in the part that concerns actions of transformation.
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