Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 24, no. 5)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)


Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1996

Published 6 times a year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Family Background of Child Involvement in School Bullying: Impact of Psychological and Social Characteristics of the Family 796

Novikova M.A., PhD in Psychology, Research fellow, Laboratory for Prevention of asocial behavior, Institute of Education National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia,
Rean A.A., Doctor of Psychology, The Head of Laboratory for Prevention of Antisocial Behavior, Institute of Education of the NRU “Higher School of Economics”, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia,
The paper defines aggression and bullying and draws a distinction between them basing on the parameters of repetition and imbalance of power. We evaluate the occurrence of both phenomena in Russia and abroad basing on recent studies and analyse how family factors can affect whether the child will be involved in bullying or not and in which position: we describe the influence of structural, functional and communicative characteristics of the family system (close/distant relationships between the family members, preferred communicative style, marital conflict, relationship with siblings, etc.) and the features of parent-child interaction. Also, we analyse the contribution of certain social factors, such as the level of family income, parental education level etc. The influence of different psychological and social characteristics of the family on the risk of the child’s victimization in school bullying is estimated for each age group (from primary schoolchildren to high school students).

Keywords: bullying, school bullying, parameters of family system, social factors of bullying

Column: Developmental Psychology


For Reference

  1. Bochaver A.A., Kuznetsova V.B., Bianki E.M., Dmitrievskii P.V., Zavalishina M.A., Kaporskaya N.A., Khlomov K.D.Oprosnik riska bullinga (ORB) [Bullying risk questionnaire (ORB)].Voprosy psikhologii [Issues of Psychology], 2015, no.5, pp.146—157.
  2. Bochaver A.A., Zhilinskaya A.V., Khlomov K.D.Shkol’naya travlya i pozitsiya uchitelei [School bullying and teacher’s attitude].Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2015, Vol.6, no.1, pp.103—116.(In Russ., Engl.).
  3. Volikova S.V., Kalinkina E.A.Detsko-roditel’skie otnosheniya kak faktor shkol’nogo bullinga [Child-parent relationship as a school bullying factor].Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya [Consultative Psychology and Psycholtherapy], 2015.Vol.23, no., pp.138—161.(In Russ., Engl.).
  4. Volikova S.V., Nifontova A.V., Kholmogorova A.B.Shkol’noe nasilie i suitsidal’noe povedenie detei i podrostkov [School violence and suicidal behavior of children and adolescents].Voprosy psikhologii [ Issues of Psychology], 2013, no.2, pp.24—30.
  5. Volkova E.N., Grishina A.Vol.Otsenka rasprostranennosti nasiliya v obrazovatel’noi srede shkoly [Estimate of violence abudance in educational environment of schools].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [ Psychological Science and Education], 2013, no.6, pp.19—27.(In Russ., Engl.).
  6. Volkova E.N., Volkova I.V., Isaeva O.M.Otsenka rasprostranennosti nasiliya nad det’mi [Estimate of abundance of violence against children].Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [ Social Psychology and Society], 2016, Vol.7, no.2, pp.19—34.doi:10.17759/ sps.2016070202 (In Russ., Engl.).
  7. Gulis I.Vol.Osobennosti proyavleniya agressii v sluzhebnykh otnosheniyakh [Peculiarities of manifestation of aggression in professional relationship].In Berkova V.F.(ed.), Nauchnye trudy Respublikanskogo instituta vyssheĭ shkoly. Istoricheskie i psikhologo-pedagogicheskie nauki: sb. nauch. st.: v 2 ch. Ch.2 [ Scientific Papers of the Republic Institute of the High School. Historical and Psycho-Pedagogic Sciences].Minsk: RIVSh, 2010, no 9 (14) pp.102—107.
  8. Guseinova E.A., Enikolopov S.N.Vliyanie pozitsii podrostka v bullinge na ego agressivnoe povedenie i samootsenku [Influence of adolescent’s position in bullying on his/hers aggressive behavior and self-estimate].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2014, no.2, pp. 246—256.(In Russ., Engl.).
  9. Kudasova E.A., Skitnevskaya L.Vol.Kharakteristika psikhologicheskikh osobennostei fenomena «zhertvy» [Characteristic of the psychological peculiarities of the “victim” phenomenon].Interaktivnaya nauka [Interactive Science], 2017.Vol.4, no.14, pp.98—100.
  10. Petrosyants V.R.Psikhologicheskaya kharakteristika starsheklassnikov, uchastnikov bullinga v obrazovatel’noĭ srede, i ikh zhiznestoĭkost’.Diss.kand.psikhol.nauk.[Psychological characteristic of the high-school children who participate in bullying in the educational environment, their resilience.Dr.Sci.(Psychology) diss.].Saint-Petersburg, 2011.190 p.
  11. Pol’skaya N.A.Vzaimosvyaz’ pokazatelei shkol’nogo bullinga i samopovrezhdayushchego povedeniya v podrostkovom vozraste [Interaction of the indices of school bullying and self-harm behavior in the adolescence].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2013, no.1, pp. 39—49.(In Russ., Engl.).
  12. Rean A.A.Psikhologiya agressii u podrostkov [Psychology of aggression in adolescents].In Rean A.A.(ed.), Psikhologiya deviantnosti. Deti. Obshchestvo. Zakon [Psychology of deviant behavior. Children. Society. Law].Moscow: YuNITI-DANA, 2016, pp.96—107.
  13. Sobkin V.S.Smyslova M.M.Bulling v stenakh shkoly: vliyanie sotsiokul’turnogo konteksta (po materialam krosskul’turnogo issledovaniya) [Bullying in school walls: influence of sociocultural context (basing on the data of cross-cultural study)].Sotsial’naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo [ Social Psychology and Society], 2014, no.2, pp.71—86.(In Russ., Engl.).
  14. Tarasova S.Yu., Osnitskii A.K., Enikolopov S.N.Sotsial’no-psikhologicheskie aspekty bullinga: vzaimosvyaz’ agressivnosti i shkol’noi trevozhnosti [Social-psychological aspects of bullying: interaction of aggressiveness and school anxiety].Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2016, Vol.8, no.4, pp.102— 116.doi:10.17759/psyedu.2016080411 (In Russ., Engl.).
  15. Sheregi F.E.Nasilie v shkole nad det’mi i podrostkami [Elektronnyi resurs].[School violence against children and adolescents].Centr social’nogo prgnozirovanija i marketinga [Center of social forecasting and marketing], 2011.URL: files/File/2012/ nasilie_v_shkole.pdf (Accessed: 15.01.2018).
  16. Bowers L., Smith P.K., Binney Vol.Cohesion and power in the families of children involved in bully/ victim problems at school.Journal of Family Therapy, 1992.Vol.14 (4), pp.371— j..1992.00467.x
  17. Bosworth K., Espelage, D.L., Simon, T.R.Factors associated with bullying behavior in middle school students.The Journal of Early Adolescence, 1999.Vol.19, pp.341— 19003003
  18. Bronfenbrenner U.Ecological systems theory.Annals of Child Development, 1989.Vol 6, pp.187—249.
  19. Caughlin J.P.Family communication standards.Human Communication Research, 2003.Vol.29 (1), pp.5—
  20. Cerezo F., Ruiz-Esteban C., Sanchez Lacasa C., Gonzalo A., Julian J.Dimensions of parenting styles, social climate, and bullying victims in primary and secondary education.Psicothema.2018.Vol.30(1), рр.59—65.
  21. Conners-Burrow N.A., Johnson D.L., Whiteside- Mansell L., McKelvey L., Gargus R.A.Adults matter: Protecting children from the negative impacts of bullying.Psychology in the Schools, 2009.Vol.46 (7), pp.593—604.
  22. Cook C.R., Williams K.R., Guerra N.G., Kim T.E., Sadek S.Predictors of bullying and victimization in childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic investigation.School Psychology Quarterly, 2010.Vol.25, pp.65—
  23. De Vries E.E., Verlinden M., Rijlaarsdam J., Jaddoe V.W., Verhulst F.C., Arseneault L., Tiemeier H.Like Father, like Child: Early Life Family Adversity and Children’s Bullying Behaviors in Elementary School.Journal of abnormal child psychology, 2017.pp.1—16.
  24. Dodge K.A., Greenberg M.T, Malone P.S.Testing an idealized dynamic cascade model of the development of serious violence in adolescence.Child Development, 2008.Vol.79, pp.1907— 8624.2008.01233.x
  25. Finnegan R.A., Hodges E.V.E., Perry D.G.Victimization by peers: Associations with children’s reports of mother-child interaction.Journal of personality and social psychology, 1998.Vol.75 (4), pp.1076—
  26. Fink E., Patalay P., Sharpe H., Wolpert M.Child-and school-level predictors of children’s bullying behavior: A multilevel analysis in 648 primary schools.Journal of educational psychology, 2018.Vol.110 (1).pp.17.
  27. Fromm E.The anatomy of human destructiveness.New York, Chicago, San-Francisco: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1973.521 p.
  28. Hazler R.J.Breaking the cycle of violence: Interventions for bullying and victimization.Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1996.
  29. Lereya S.T., Samara M., Wolke D.Parenting behavior and the risk of becoming a victim and a bully/ victim: A meta-analysis study.Child abuse and neglect, 2013.Vol.37 (12), pp.1091—1108.
  30. Matsunaga M.Parents Don’t (always) know their children have been bullied: child-parent discrepancy on bullying and family-level profile of communication standards.Human Communication Research, 2009.Vol. 35(2), pp.221—247.
  31. Menesini E., Salmivalli C.Bullying in schools: the state of knowledge and effective interventions.Psychology, health and medicine, 2017.Vol.22 (1), pp. 240—
  32. Olweus D.Victimization by peers: Antecedents and long-term outcomes.In Rubin K.H., Asendorf J.B.(ed.).Social withdrawal, inhibition, and shyness in childhood.NJ: Erlbaum, 1993, pp.315—341.
  33. OECD (2017), Bullying / PISA 2015 Results (Volume III): Students’ well-being, OECD Publishing,
  34. Pepler D., Jiang D., Craig W., Connolly Jl.Developmental trajectories of bullying and associated factors . Child development, 2008.Vol.79 (2), pp.325—
  35. Rigby K., Slee P.T.Dimensions of interpersonal relation among Australian children and implications for psychological well-being.The Journal of social psychology, 1993.Vol.133 (1), pp.33— 080/00224545.1993.9712116
  36. Schwartz D., Dodge K.A., Pettit G.S., Bates J.E.The early socialization of aggressive victims of bullying.Child development, 1997.Vol.68 (4), pp.665—
  37. Von Marées N., Petermann F.Bullying in German primary schools: Gender differences, age trends and influence of parents’ migration and educational backgrounds.School Psychology International, 2010.Vol.31 (2), pp.178—
  38. Wolke D., Woods S., Stanford K., Schulz H.Bullying and victimization of primary school children in England and Germany: Prevalence and school factors.British Journal of Psychology, 2001.Vol.92 (Pt.4).pp.673—
  39. Zych I., Farrington D., Llorent Vol.J., Ttofi M.M.Protecting children against bullying and its consequences.London: Macmillan Publishers, 2017.83
comments powered by Disqus

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????