Interaction of Mother and Toddler with Delayed Speech Development 921
PhD in Psychology, Professor at chair of Developmental Psychology Name after L.F. Obukhova, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article presents research data on the features of interaction between mothers and young children with normal development and with delayed speech development. It was assumed that the differences may manifest themselves in the features of mother-child affection, the nature of emotional and object-practical interaction, as well as in the mothers’ image of their child. The study involved 40 children (20 with normative development and 20 with delayed speech development) and their mothers. The following techniques were used: questionnaire ODREV (by E.I.Zakharova); parent essay "My Child" (incomplete sentences); test of joint activity; a survey for mothers on retrospective assessment of attachment styles; standardized observation of the interaction and affection between the child and the mother. The results of the study showed that the group of mothers and children with normal development mostly demonstrated the secure attachment style. The mothers have an adequate image of their child; show sensitivity, emotional acceptance, ability for positive emotional interaction with the child; emotional communication is in harmony with communication over activities and situations. In the group of mothers and children with delayed speech development the most common is the insecure attachment style; the mothers tend to have inadequate images of their children, reduced sensitivity in interaction, negative feelings, inability to affect the child’s state of mind; disharmony of interpersonal and activity-mediated communication; joint activity is unproductive.
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