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Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 1814-2052

ISSN (online): 2311-7273

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 1996

Published 6 times a year

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Open Access Journal

 

Need-Based and Instrumental Approach to the Development and Training of Gifted Children 99

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Yurkevich V.S.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Chair of Theoretical and Experimental Foundations of Social Psychology, Department of Social Psychology, Head of Resource Center for Giftedness, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3575-7586
e-mail: vinni-vi@mail.ru

Abstract
The main problem of the development of gifted children, especially the so-called “prodigies”, are the difficulties of turning their increased mental capabilities (potential giftedness) into actual creative abilities (talent). The vividly developed cognitive need in these children most often has a passive character, turning, in fact, only into an “accumulation of knowledge”, and therefore does not become the basis for the development of talent. As the main motivation necessary for the transformation of potential giftedness into talent, a special “searching need” is considered which manifests itself at an early age, but under the influence of society, including school education, it is significantly deformed and does not ensure the development of creative potential. The article considers a new, needs-based and instrumental approach to the development and training of gifted children, which contributes to the preservation and strengthening of the search need, as well as the possibilities and prospects of collecting evidence for its further development and application. The article is intended for psychologists and educators.

Keywords: Gifted children, internal motivation, cognitive need, practice of working with gifted children, talent

Column: Supplement: The Psychology of Childhood

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2021260610

Funding. The article was prepared within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No.073-00041-21-03 dated 11.06.2021 “Development of methodological bases for the formation of a unified national approach to the definition of social (including educational) practices with proven effectiveness”.

Received: 22.11.2021

Accepted: 10.12.2021

For Reference

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