Specifics of image use among athletes specializing in track and field and rhythmic gymnastics 837
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Student, faculty of psychology, the Moscow State University; Russian master of sports in rhythmic gymnastics, Moscow, Russia
The article is devoted to analysis of specifics of use of different types of mental images by athletes specializing in diversified kinds of sport. The research involved 24 athletes aged from 16 to 21 who are members of select track and field and rhythmic gymnastics teams of the Moscow State University. Russian version of “The Sport Imagery Questionnaire” (SIQ) aimed at measurement of image use frequency was applied. The research affirmed the hypothesis of existence of difference in image use among athletes with different specialization. It is shown that athletes specializing in rhythmic gymnastics, unlike those engaged in track in field, are more prone to use imagery of cognitive, not motivational, type. It is stated that athletes specializing in track and field mainly use outer perspective of imagery, whereas gymnasts use the inner perspective. The article presents data on specifics of imagery of athletes of different professional levels.
- Veraksa A.N., Gorovaya A.E. Vliyanie voobrazheniya
na rezul'taty sportivnoi deyatel'nosti nachinayushih futbolistov// Nacional'nyi
psihologicheskii zhurnal. 2010. .2.
- Barr K., Hall C. The Use of Imagery by Rowers //
International Journ. of Sport Psychology. 1992. . 23.
- Blair A., Hall C., Leyshon G. Imagery Effects on
the Performance of Skill and Novice Soccer Players // Journ. of Sport Sciences.
- Bohan M., Pharmer J., Stokes A. When Does Imagery
Practice Enhance Performance on a Motor Task? // Perceptual and Motor Skills.
1999. . 88.
- Cumming J., Hall C. Athletes' Use of Imagery in the
Off-season //The Sport Psychologist. 2002. . 16.
- Feltz D., Landers D. The Effects of Mental Practice
on Motor Skill Learning and Performance: A Meta-analysis // Journ. of Sport
Psychology. 1983. .5.
- Hall S. et al. Sport Imagery Questionnaire: Test
Manual. West Virginia, 2005.
- Hall C., Mack D., Paivio A., Hausenblas H. Imagery
Use by Athletes: Development of the Sport Imagery Questionnaire //
International Journ. of Sport Psychology. 1998. . 29.
- Hall C., Rodgers W., Barr K. The use of Imagery by
Athletes in Selected Sports // The Sport Psychologist. 1990. .4.
- Hall C., Schmidt D., Durand M., Buckolz E. Imagery
and Motor Skills Acquisition // In Imagery in Sports and Physical Performance/
Ed. A.Sheikh and E.Korn. N.Y., 1994.
- Janssen J., Sheikh A. Enhancing Athletic
Performance Through Imagery: An Overview // In Imagery in Sports and Physical
Performance / Ed. A.Sheikh and E.Korn. N.Y., 1994.
- Martin, K., Moritz S., Hall C. Imagery Use in
Sport: A Literature Review and Applied Model // The Sport Psychologist. 1999. .
- Morris T., Spittle M., Watt A. Imagery in sport.
- Perry C., Morris T. Mental Imagery in Sport //
Sport Psychology: Theory, Applications and Issues / Ed. T.Morris and J.Summers.
- Vealey R., Greenleaf C. Seeing is Believing:
Understanding and Using Imagery in Sport // In Applied Sport Psychology:
Personal Growth to Peak Performance: 4th ed./ Ed. J.Williams. CA: Mayfield,
- Weinberg R., Gould D. Foundations of Sport and
Exercise Psychology. Illinois, 2003.
- White A., Hardy L. Use of Different Imagery
Perspectives on the Learning and Performance of Different Motor Skills //
British Journ. of Psychology.1995. 86.