Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2022. Vol. 14, no. 1)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Gender differences in personal qualities which define maladaptation of younger adolescents 1202


Slavutskaya E.V.
Doctor of Psychology, professor of Psychology and Social Pedagogic department, Chuvash State Pedagogical University of I.Ya. Yakovlev, Cheboksary, Russia

The article is an experimental research of interrelation between personal psychological qualities and maladaptations among pupils aged from 9 to 12. It is a transition period from the elementary school to the middle tier which causes the most difficulties in adaptation. R.B.Cattell’s 12-factor questionnaire and V.Michal’s “Unfinished sentences test” were used for psychodiagnostics. The results of psychodiagnostics of pupils from these two methods were processed jointly using factor analysis. Main psychological factors which influence maladaptation of boys and girls in 3rd-5th grades were identified. It was discovered, for example, that all types of maladaptation among boys (family, interpersonal, school, intrapersonal) are directly related to the behavior self-control. Maladaptation among girls is differentiated. Consequently, main gender characteristics of maladaptation of younger pupils were defined. The aggregate of psychological qualities responsible for maladaptation of pupils aged from 9 to 12 is defined as the “fifth grade maladaptation syndrome”. The research was done with financial support of the Russian Humanities Fond, project № 10-06-2260a/B.

Keywords: maladaptation, emotional and volitive characteristics, development dynamics, factor analysis, gender characteristics, pupils aged from 9 to 12.

Column: Developmental Psychology

For Reference

  1. Venger A.L. Struktura psihologicheskogo sindroma // Voprosy psihologii. 1994.  №4.
  2. Eremeeva V.D., Hrizman T.P. Mal'chiki i devochki- dva raznyh mira. M., 1998.
  3. Kagan V.E. Psihogennye formy shkol'noi dezadaptacii // Voprosy psihologii. 1984. №4.
  4. Krakovskii A.V. Trudnyi vozrast. M., 1966.
  5. Ovcharova R.V. Prakticheskaya psihologiya v nachal'noi shkole. M., 1996.
  6. Rogov E.I. Nastol'naya kniga prakticheskogo psihologa : Ucheb. posobie : V 2 kn. Kn. 1. M., 1999.
  7. Slavutskaya E.V. Faktornyi analiz psihologicheskih kachestv, opredelyayushih «dezadaptacionnyi sindrom pyatogo klassa» // Psihologiya obucheniya. 2008.  № 12.
  8. Slavutska E. Za nyakoi psihologicheski osobenosti na diferenciranoto obuchenie  // B'lgariya. Pedagogika.  1999. №8-9.

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????