Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 11, no. 4)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education psyedu.ru

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psyedu

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Reproduction of teaching material by pu-pils with different levels of mnemonic abilities development 1601

Cheremoshkina L.V.
Professor, chair of applied informatics, faculty of information technology, the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: LVCH2007@yandex.ru

Osinina T.N.
Ph.D. student, chair of developmental and educational psychology, faculty of psychology and education, the Moscow State Regional Institute of Humanities, Moscow, Russia
e-mail: tatyanaosinina@yandex.ru

Abstract
The aim of research presented in the article is to study the laws of reproduction of teaching material by pupils with different levels of mnemonic abilities development. The research subject were the efficiency and quality distinctness of reproduction of teaching material of teaching material by pupils aged 13 with different levels of mnemonic abilities development. The research was done on the base of the sixth grades of regular schools in Orehovo-Zuevo town, Moscow region. The size of the sample was 32 pupils (16 girls, 16 boys). Study of the pupils’ mnemonic abilities was done using a mnemonic abilities diagnostics method, the basis of which is a method of mnemonic activity expansion developed by V.D.Shadrikov and L.V.Cheremoshkina. In order to study effectiveness and quality distinctiveness of reproduction of teaching material the authors used a developed procedure, the stimulus material of which was an extract from a biology textbook for the sixth grades of regular schools. This stage of research is based on the method of definition of conceptual units (words and phrases with maximum meaning). It is shown that the effectiveness and quality distinctiveness of both immediate and delayed reproduction of educational text are dependent on productivity of mnemonic abilities functional mechanisms (at the level of manifestative tendency), level of operational mechanisms realization (0,40 at the significance level of 0,05) and presence of regulating mechanisms (0,37; 0,39; 0,41 at the significance level of 0,05). The higher the effectiveness of mnemonic abilities and the level of their operational mechanisms, the higher the success rate of teaching material reproduction. Presence of regulating mechanisms in the structure of mnemonic abilities increases the effectiveness of both immediate and delayed reproduction of teaching material. The higher the level of mnemonic abilities development, the hight the injection percentage in the process of delayed reproduction, one week after memorizing (0,36 at the significance level of 0,03). Presence of mnemonic abilities regulating mechanisms leads to an increase of the number of injections in the process of reproduction one week after memorizing (at the level of manifestative tendency).

Keywords: mnemonic abilities, functional mechanisms, operational mechanisms, regulating mechanisms, memorizing, reproduction

Column: Educational Psychology

For Reference

References
  1. Arnol'd V.I. Stilistika sovremennogo angliiskogo yazyka (stilistika dekodirovaniya). L., 1981.
  2. Bahtin M.M. Problema teksta v lingvistike, filologii i drugih gumanitarnyh naukah. M., 1979.                                                                                                                                                                 
  3. Bol'shunov Ya.V. K harakteristike struktury proizvol'nogo vosproizvedeniya // Voprosy psihologii. 1978.  ¹ 3.
  4. Bocharova S.P.   Psihologiya i pamyat'. Teoriya i praktika dlya obucheniya i raboty. Har'kov, 2007.
  5. Dolinin K.A. Interpretaciya teksta. M., 1985.
  6. Zaika V.I. Ocherki po teorii hudozhestvennoi rechi. V. Novgorod, 2006.
  7. Zinchenko P.I. Neproizvol'noe zapominanie. M., 1961.
  8. Izyumova S.A. Priroda mnemicheskih sposobnostei i differen­ciaciya obucheniya. M., 1995.
  9.  Kim L.G. Sub'ektnost' teksta kak faktor variativnosti ego interpretacii // Izvestiya Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2009. ¹ 4 (66).
  10.  Lipkina A.I. Vosproizvedenie i zabyvanie konkretno-obraznogo i otvlechennogo uchebnogo materiala // Voprosy psihologii pamyati / Pod red. A.A.Smirnova. M., 1958.
  11.  Lotman Yu.M. Struktura hudozhestvennogo teksta. M., 1970.
  12.  Lyaudis V.Ya.  Pamyat' v processe razvitiya. M., 1976.
  13.  Miller Dzh.A. Magicheskoe chislo sem' plyus ili minus dva // Psihologiya pamyati / Pod red. Yu.B. Gippenreiter, V.Ya. Romanova. M., 1998.
  14.  Novikov L.A. Hudozhestvennyi tekst i ego analiz. M., 1988.
  15.  Novyi slovar' inostrannyh slov: 2500 slov i slovosochetanii / E.N.Zaharenko i dr. M., 2003.
  16.  Osinina T.N. Sposoby rekonstrukcii originala pri vosproizvedenii // Al'manah sovremennoi nauki i obrazovaniya. 2009. ¹ 10: V 2-h ch. Ch. 2.
  17.  Pasechnik V.V. Biologiya. Bakterii, griby, rasteniya. 6 kl.: Uchebnik dlya obsheobrazovat. uchrezhdenii: 8-e izd., stereotip. M., 2005.
  18.  Radzihovskaya V.K. Principy obespecheniya konceptual'noi celostnosti uchebnogo kursa po psiholingvistike // Chelovek. Yazyk. Iskusstvo: Materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferencii. M., 2001.
  19.  Razmyslov P.I. Vozrastnye i individual'nye razlichiya v zapominanii emocional'no-obraznogo i abstraktnogo materiala // Voprosy psihologii pamyati / Pod red. A.A.Smirnova. M., 1958.    
  20.  Rossiiskaya sociologicheskaya enciklopediya / Pod red. G.V. Osipova. M., 1998.
  21.  Smirnov A.A. Problemy psihologii pamyati. M., 1966.
  22.  Tihomirov O.K. Filosofskie problemy «iskusstvennogo intellekta» // Voprosy filosofii. 1975. ¹1.
  23.  Faraponova E.A. Vozrastnye razlichiya v zapominanii naglyadno­go i slovesnogo materiala // Voprosy psihologii pamyati / Pod red. A.A.Smirnova. M., 1958.
  24. Filosofskii enciklopedicheskii slovar' / E.F.Gubskii i dr. M., 2009.
  25. Flores C. Pamyat' // Eksperimental'naya psihologiya / Pod red. P. Fressa, Zh. Piazhe. M., 1973. Vyp. 4.
  26. Cheremoshkina L.V. Psihologiya pamyati. M., 2009.
  27. Cheremoshkina L.V. Sposobnosti v strukture intellekta // Psihologiya intellekta i tvorchestva: Tradicii i innovacii: Materialy nauchnoi konferencii, posvyashennoi pamyati Ya.A. Ponomareva i V.N. Druzhinina, IP RAN, 7–8 oktyabrya 2010 g. / Pod red. A.L. Zhuravleva, M. A. Holodnoi, D.V. Ushakova, T.V. Galkina. M., 2010.  
  28. Shadrikov V.D., Cheremoshkina L.V. Mnemicheskie sposobnosti: Razvitie i diagnostika. M., 1990.
  29.  Bartlett F.Ch. Remembering: a Study in Experimental and Social Psychology. N.Y., 1932.
comments powered by Disqus
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????