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Linguistic intuition: research paradigms 1341
At the present time one of important tasks of educational psychology is the improvement of the Russian language and literature programs and workbooks. Its solution demands not only the development of new methods of teaching but also the research of those psychic formations which originate in the course of the student’s development. In particular, the linguistic competence which includes the linguistic intuition as an intuitive component. This scientific metaphor is used to define the insufficiently apprehended or entirely intuitive processes of perception of linguistic material and/or production of linguistic utterance. The article is a review of existing scientific points of view on linguistic intuition. Their classification is given, which comes down to three positions: 1) linguistic intuition is an aggregate of associative generalizations of linguistic facts; 2) linguistic intuition represents the automated aspects of linguistic processes which use the same mechanism as the conscious processes; 3) linguistic intuition is a specific mechanism of linguistic thinking. The article presents views of a number of researchers of the problem and brief descriptions of experimental research giving new information on linguistic intuition. It presents arguments in favor of rightness of the third of the mentioned positions. The author’s point of view on the role of linguistic intuition in the process of perception of fictional text is briefly expressed.
Keywords: intuition, language, text, linguistic competence, linguistic intuition, role of linguistic intuition, intuitive thinking, linguistic mindset, unconscious processes
Column: Educational Psychology