Russian Psychological Issues
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice For AuthorsAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us

  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 12, no. 1)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Peculiarities of experiencing past and future by men and women in the middle of the life journey 2806

Shemanova N.A.
Leading Specialist in Educational and Methodical Work, Institute of linguistics, Russian State University for the Humanities, Moscow, Russia

The contribution is devoted to experimental research of changes in the age paradigm of men and women aged from 30 to 49. According to our main hypothesis, in the middle age most people change their attitude toward their past and future. 90 men working in various Moscow organizations, and 226 women, mostly working in Moscow educational institutions (schools, pre-school educational institutions) were questioned in the course of the experiment. In order to study the attitude toward past, future and present, improved projective method “Unfinished sentences” was used, which included stimulus material: “Sometime...”, “The future seems to me...”, “If I was young again...”, “I am a woman and I am sad...” Besides, the respondents were asked: “Where and when do you experience freedom?” In view of the results of comparison of different age groups, it is shown that in the period of the middle age the respondents change their experience of the life’s time perspective - attitude toward past and future. Changes of experiencing the time perspective have gender differences. The article presents the results of research of transient phenomena which men and women may experience in the middle of life (40-45 years). Men and women at this age cease feeling themselves young. Women start noticing that they are getting old. They perceive future in a new way. The number of women who see their future as misty increases, men’s perception of the future becomes more negative.

Keywords: middle age, time perspective, evaluation of the past, attitude toward the future, gender differences

Column: Developmental Psychology

For Reference

  1. Bratus' B. S. K probleme razvitiya lichnosti v zrelom vozraste // Vestnik Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 14. Psihologiya. 1980. № 2.
  2. Golovaha E.I., Kronik A.A. Ponyatie psihologicheskogo vremeni // Kategorii materialisticheskoi dialektiki v psihologii/ Pod red. L.I. Anciferovoi. M., 1988.
  3. Golovaha E.I., Kronik A.A. Psihologicheskii vozrast lichnosti // Psihologicheskii zhurnal. 1983. ¹ 5.
  4. Golovaha E.I., Kronik A.A. Psihologicheskoe vremya lichnosti. Kiev, 1984.
  5. Zaiceva Yu.B. Osobennosti vospriyatiya vozrastnyh granic v razlichnyh social'no-demograficheskih gruppah // Psihologiya zrelosti i stareniya. 2006. № 4.
  6. Kraig G., Bokum D. Psihologiya razvitiya. SPb., 2006.
  7. Kulagina I.Yu. Psihologicheskii vozrast: diagnostika i tendencii izmeneniya v ontogeneze // Vestnik Universiteta RAO. 2000. № 1.
  8. Kulagina I.Yu., Kolyuckii V.I. Vozrastnaya psihologiya. Polnyi zhiznennyi cikl razvitiya cheloveka. M., 2004.
  9. Moskvin V.A., Popovich V.V. Neiropsihologicheskie aspekty issledovaniya vozrastnoi percepcii u zdorovyh lic // 1 Mezhdunarodnaya konferenciya pamyati A.R.Luriya: Sb. dokladov / Pod red. E.D. Homskoi, T.V. Ahutinoi. M., 1998.
  10. Soldatova E.L. Dinamika ego-identichnosti i predstavlenii o budushem v normativnyh krizisah vzroslosti // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2006. № 2.
  11. Soldatova E.L., Shlyapnikova I.A. Vremennaya transspektiva lichnosti i struktura ego-identichnosti // Psihologiya obrazovaniya: kul'turno-istoricheskie i social'no-pravovye aspekty: V 2 t. T. 2. M., 2006.
  12. Hollis Dzh. Pereval v seredine puti. M., 2002.
  13. Homik V.S., Kronik A.A. Otnoshenie k vremeni: psihologicheskie problemy rannei alkogolizacii i otklonyayushegosya povedeniya // Voprosy psihologii. 1988. № 1.
  14. G. Kaufman, G.H. Elder Jr. Grandparenting and Age Identity // Journal of Aging Studies. 17. 2003.

© 2007–2020 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????