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Hegel’s “Anthropology” as a methodical tool of studying the peculiarities of polycultural education 1219
Belik A.A., Doctor of History, leading researcher of the Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology of the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, Russia
This article is devoted to examination of Hegel’s “Anthropology” and his justification of the theoretical program of ethnic psychology. Hegel identifies two main levels of studying the psychological peculiarities of cultures and personalities. The first - natural spirits - stands for peculiarities of groups of countries united by one religion. The second level - local spirits or national characters of single nations.
Keywords: natural spirits, spirit, national character, Africans, Asians, Europeans, Arabs, Indians., freedom, landscape