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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 13, no. 1)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Xenophobia and youth extremism: origins and interrelations 2113


Malantseva O.D.
PhD Student at the Department of Juridicial Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; Specialist, Laboratory of the Forensic and Psychological Expertise, Russian Federal Center of the Forensic Expertise, Moscow, Russia

Dozortseva E.G.
Doctor of Psychology, Chief Researcher of the Laboratory of Psychology of Child and Adolescence, FSBI «National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology named after V.P. Serbsky» of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia

Displays of extremism and xenophobia among the youth on the territory of Russia are not rare. The contribution analyzes the possible reasons and interrelations of xenophobia and youth extremism. It identifies three groups of reasons which may influence the origination of xenophobia and extremism: socio-economical, group and personal. It also discusses the results of the research of Klaus Vahl and his colleagues which allow to trace the possible ways of origination and development of xenophobia, aggressive and deviant behavior among young people. According to the researchers, the origins of xenophobia and related aggressive and hostile behavior can be found in the peculiarities of the adolescent’s behavior in the situation of meeting a stranger. K.Vahl analyzed four different ways of development of misanthropy, hostility toward “aliens”: aggressive behavior, xenophobia, deviant behavior, commitment to the ultra-right extremist ideology. The contribution describes the main forms of adolescents’ behavior toward a stranger of a different nationality and of the same one, as well as psychological factors which may influence the origination of xenophobia and define the content of preventive measures.

Keywords: xenophobia, youth extremism, attitude toward “aliens”, deviant behavior, hostility, aggressive behavior, individual psychological peculiarities

Column: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

For Reference

  1. Kroz M.V., Ratinova N.A. Social'no-psihologicheskie i pravovye aspekty ksenofobii. M., 2005.
  2. Mihailova M.P. O problemah proyavleniya ekstremizma i ksenofobii // Profilaktika ksenofobii, ekstremizma i nacionalizma v detskoi i podrostkovoi srede: Sb. nauch. tezisov. M., 2009.
  3. Wahl K. Development of xenophobia and aggression // International Journal and Applied Criminal Justice. 2002. Vol.26. № 2.
  4. Wahl K., Tramitz K. Xenophobia: The Deep Roots of Extreme Emotions. Deutsches Jugendinstitut, English version. Mnchen, 2003.

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