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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 13, no. 4)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


On the method of identification of development of scientific thinking among school pupils 1763

The contribution analyzes the author’s method of identification of development of scientific thinking among school pupils on the example of biology, which included three types of test tasks: on generalization by a signigficant charactetistic, classification and qualitative evaluation. The method was tested on 37 pupils of VII grades, 40 pupils of VIII grades and 30 pupils of IX grades of Moscow gymnasium №1257. The pupils were assessed for intellectual development using the R.Amthauer’s intelligence structure test. The results of our method do not have a significant correlation with the results of the R.Amthauer’s intelligence structure test. The following conclusions were made: the created method can be used for operative identification of problems of development of scientific perceptions of school pupils; the general intellectual level of development in existing programs in biology does not influence the development of scientific perceptions; modern general education school gives a broad base of knowledge on the subject but does not allow to fully develop the scientific thinking of school pupils. Development of scientific thinking demands changes firstly in the content of existing school subjects.

Keywords: scientific thinking, diagnostics, developmental education

Column: Educational Psychology

For Reference

  1. Berulava G.A. Diagnostika i razvitie myshleniya podrostkov. Biisk, 1993.
  2. Vaizer G.A. Aktivnye sposoby raboty shkol'nikov nad zadachami po fizike // Netradicionnye sposoby ocenki kachestva znanii shkol'nikov: Psihologo-pedagogicheskii aspekt / Pod red. E.D. Bozhovich. M., 1995.
  3. Guruzhapov V.A. K voprosu o predmetnoi diagnostike teoreticheskogo myshleniya detei v razvivayushem obuchenii (sistema El'konina-Davydova) // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 1997. № 4.
  4. Menchinskaya N.A. Psihologiya resheniya arifmeticheskih zadach // Problemy obucheniya, vospitaniya i psihologicheskogo razvitiya rebenka / Pod red. E.D. Bozhovich. M., 2004.
  5. Sokolov V.L. Razvitie teoreticheskogo myshleniya mladshih podrostkov v kvaziisledovatel'skoi deyatel'nosti na urokah matematiki // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie. 2002.№ 4.

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