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  Previous issue (2021. Vol. 13, no. 4)

Psychological-Educational Studies

Former Title: Psychological Science and Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2587-6139


License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published since 2009

Published quarterly

Free of fees
Open Access Journal


Objective measurement of positive emotions in students as part of safety assessment of educational environment 1513


Berezina T.N.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychology and Sociology, Moscow, Russia

We propose a new procedure for objective measurement of positive emotion in students in various situations of educational environment. We introduce the concept of “true emotions” – those causing changes in body functional state and affecting its smell. We argue that emotionally safe learning environment should provide a genuine emergence of positive emotions and reduce the likelihood of genuine negative emotions. We provide data of experimental research of genuine positive emotions in three main situations of student life: training classes (lecture), imaginary situations of joy (trainings, student life activities), real-life situations outside the school. It is shown that in the 0.4–0.5% of imaginary situations and real-life situations, students’ functional state changes, thus giving rise to alcohol-like substances exhaling. We describe these situations (food enjoying, meeting with someone you love, pain control, art perception, etc.). We point out that in the control series of measurements, when the students were in a neutral functional state (on a lecture), no alcohol-like substance in the breath were observed.

Keywords: educational environment, safety, positive emotions, joy, pleasure, smell, functional state, alcohol in breath.

Column: Psychology of safety

For Reference

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  2. Berezina T.N. Bazovye emocii i zapahi: associativnyi eksperiment// Psihologiya i psihotehnika. 2009. № 1(4).
  3. Berezina T.N. Vozniknovenie pozitivnyh i negativnyh bazovyh emocii pod vliyaniem bazovyh zapahov // Vestnik Mosk. gos. gumanit. un-ta im. M.A. Sholohova. Ser. Pedagogika i psihologiya. 2011. ? 3.
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