Significant factors in the social situation of offender adolescent development 1566
Social therapist, Support Center of Family Education «Sokolenok», Moscow, Russia
The article is a review of foreign studies, which analyze the factors in the social situation of adolescent development, influencing the offenses committed by juveniles: the role of family structure and social status (income, parental education), the role of relationships with parents (parental control level, quality of teenager’s relationships with parents), the importance of social relationships with peers. We show some characteristics of the family, which are the factors of adolescents protection from the offense commitment. It is also shown that adolescent relationship with peers play an important role in the processes of his socialization; that the problematic relationships with peers increase the likelihood of teenager’s criminalization, despite having family protective factors. Studying the preconditions of offenses in teens’ social and family sphere can be used to develop programs to support adolescents who have already committed offenses, and prevention programs for adolescents at risk of probability of initiation to the criminal community and committing crimes.
- Karabanova O.A., Sadovnikova T.Iu. Modeli vospriiatiia moral'noi
atmosfery shkoly sovremennymi rossiiskimi podrostkami kak komponent sotsial'noi
situatsii razvitiia. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 14. Psikhologiia. 2011. № 2. P.
- Benson J., Furstenberg F.F. Entry into adulthood: are adult role
transitions meaningful markers of adult identity? // R. Macmillan (Ed.).
Constructing Adulthood: Agency and Subjectivity in the Life Course. L.:
Elsevier Science. Ltd., 2007. P. 199–224.
- Benson J., Johnson M.K. Adolescent family context and adult identity
formation // Journal of Family Issues. 2009. № 30 (9). P. 1265–1286.
- Burton L. Childhood adultification in economically disadvantaged
families: an ethnographic perspective // Family Relations. 2007. № 6. P.
- Cobb-Clark D.A., Tekin E. Fathers and Youth's Delinquent Behavior /
Working Paper №17507 //Melbourne Institute of Applied Economics and Social
Research . 2011. 48 p.
- Glebov V.V., Arakelov G.G. Influences of Different Factors on
Dynamics of Children's Aggression and Teenage Criminality (on an Example of the
Moscow and Altai Regions). Psychology in Russia: State of the Art. 2010. №3. Р.
- Dehghani M., Roshan M., Ganjavi A. An investigation on insufficient
forensic psychology assessment of juveniles in correction service center //
Journal of Family Research. 2008. № 4 (2). P. 167–178.
- Johnson M.K, Berg J.A, Sirotzki T. Differentiation in self-perceived
adulthood: Extending the confluence model of subjective age identity // Social
Psychology Quarterly. 2007. № 70 (3). P. 243–261.
- McShane M.D, Williams F.P. Youth Violence and Delinquency: Monsters
and Myths. L: Praeger publishers, 2007. 656 p.
- Predictive factors for juvenile delinquency: the role of family structure,
parental monitoring and delinquent peers / Alboukordi S., Nazari A.M.,
Nouri R., Sangdeh J.K.// International Journal of Criminology and Sociological
Theory. 2012. Vol. 5. № 1. P. 770–777.
- Romero A.J., Ruiz M. Does familism lead to increased parental
monitoring ?: protective factors for coping with risky behaviors// Journal of
Child and Family Studies. 2007. № 16. P. 143–154.
- Shoemaker D.J. Juvenile Delinquency:1st ed. Maryland: Rowman and
Littlefield Publishers, 2009. 447 p.
- Shoemaker D.J. Theories of Delinquency: An Examination of
Explanations of Delinquent Behavior: 6th ed. N. Y.: Oxford University Press,
2010. 400 p.
- Soenens, B. The intergenerational transmission of empathyrelated
responding in adolescence: the role of maternal support/ Soenens B.,
Duriez B., Vansteenkiste M., Goossens L. // Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin. 2007. № 33 (3). P. 299–311.
- Thomas A.M. Parent and Peer Influences: Their Role in Predictive
Adolescent Moral Values and Delinquent Behavior: Thesis for the Degree of
Master of Science. Colorado: Colorado State University Fort Collins, 2011. 64
- Zahn M.A. The Delinquent Girl: 1st ed. Philadelphia: Temple
University Press, 2009. 343 p.