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Self-image of a child and its formation by means of spiritual and moral dialogue 1971
We present the theoretical and methodological assumptions and results of practical application of "Open yourself" technique developed by the author and aimed at the formation of the elements of self-image in preschool children. We use the developmental potential of the method proposed by outstanding domestic psychologist and psychotherapist T.A. Florenskaya. The identity formation occurs in the process of creative communication of a child with well-known characters of Russian fairy tales in the context of the game situation, created in co-authorship of an adult and a child. The author shows that developing strength of fairy tale character is in its polysemantics, allowing the child to grant characters new dimensions, create him anew in dialogic communication; fairy tale character helps the child to implement a reflexive access to meanings infinity space, to look at himself, to see the authenticity and value of his self-image and self-image of the Other. According to the author of the technique, these characters actualize the dialogic unity of several spiritual spaces: the child himself, the grown-up interacting with him, and the context of Russian culture space.
Keywords: self-image, child spiritual world, dialogic communication, image polysemantics, co-creation, socio-cultural values, spiritual and moral education