Social Adaptation of Children Brought up in Orphanage 1844
Post-graduate Student, Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
We discuss the influence of social adaptation on life success in orphans and children left without parental care when entering into an independent life. We provide the definition of the social adaptation in terms of psychology and law, review recent research findings of Russian scientists on social adaptation of children, as well as data on vital dispensation of graduates of orphanages. It is emphasized that the beginning of an independent life causes high stress, that children often cannot find their place in life and develop the mechanisms of behavior that contribute to the successful inclusion in public relations, quality education and the formation of family values. Thus, the most important condition for the successful entry of the child into an independent life is social integration into society, learning the rules and norms of behavior of society, the motivation for productive activities, education and the creation of a strong family and parenting. We provide the results of a study aimed at identifying coping strategies of behavior in stressful situations, adaptation features, as well as the level of anxiety in children-orphans and children left without parental care.
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