State and Perspectives of Studying of Psychological Determinants of Volunteer Activities 654
Aspirant, Department of Social Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia
The article discusses the most common in the world fields of study of the factors that, according to scientists, in varying degrees, are able to influence the participation of people in volunteer activities. The review running characteristic of such research areas as the theory of "human resources" and related theories of democratization, the welfare state, social background; theory of individual personality characteristics of volunteers; attachment theory; identity theory; motivational theories, etc. The focus is psychological components of the personality of the individual, which presumably can be the most important predictors of volunteering. The analysis of a number of studies, made by reputable foreign authors devoted to identifying key determinants of participation in volunteer activities, allows to select among the topical areas one of the most promising – a comprehensive study of psychological characteristics of personality with the goal of creating the most accurate representation of the collective identity of the modern volunteer.
Gulevich O.A., Sheveleva I.A., Fomichev A.A. Pomoshch' kak
stil' zhizni: psikhologicheskie aspekty volonterskoi deyatel'nosti [Helping as
a Lifestyle: Psychological Aspects of Volunteering]. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya
i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2013, no. 2, pp. 5-18. (In
Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
Korneeva E.L. Osnovnye napravleniya issledovaniya
volonterskoi deyatel'nosti [The Main Directions of Research Volunteer
Activities]. Psihologicheskaja nauka i obrazovanie PSYEDU.ru, [Psychological
Science and Education PSYEDU.ru], 2015. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 131-141. (In Russ.,
Abstr. in Engl.).
Anderson J. C., Moore L. F. The Motivation To Volunteer.
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 1978. Vol. 7, no. 30, pp.
Atkins R., Hart D., Donnelly T. The Association of
Childhood Personality Type With Volunteering During Adolescence. Merrill-Palmer
Quarterly, 2005. no. 51, pp. 145-162.
Aydinli A., Bender M., Chasiotis A., Van de Vijver F.,
Cemalcilar Z., Chong A., Yue X. Cross-Cultural Study of Explicit and Implicit
Motivation for Long-Term Volunteering. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector
Quarterly, 2015. Vol. 45, no. 2, pp 375-396.
Bekkers R. Giving and Volunteering in the Netherlands.
Sociological and Psychological Perspectives. Utrecht, Netherlands:
Interuniversity Center for Social Science Theory and Methodology, 2004. 256
Bekkers R. Who Gives What and When? A Scenario Study of
Intentions to Give Time and Money. Social Science Research, 2010, no. 39, pp.
Carpenter J., Myers C. Why Volunteer? Evidence on the Role
of Altruism, Image and Incentives. Journal of Public Economics, 2010, no. 94,
Choi L. Factors Affecting Volunteerism Among Older Adults.
Journal of Applied Gerontology, 2003, no. 22(2), pp. 179-196.
Clary E. G., Snyder M. The Motivations to Volunteer:
Theoretical and Practical Considerations. Current Directions in Psychological
Science, 1999. Vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 156-159.
Einolf C. Empathic Concern and Prosocial Behaviors: A Test
of Experimental Results Using Survey Data. Social Science Research, 2008, no.
37, pp. 1267-1279.
Erez A., Mikulincer M., Van Ijzendoorn M., Kroonenberg P.
Attachment, Personality, and Volunteering: Placing Volunteerism in an
Attachment-Theoretical Framework. Personality and Individual Differences, 2008,
no. 44, pp. 64-74.
Finkelstein M. Predictors of Volunteer Time: The Changing
Contributions of Motive Fulfillment and Role Identity. Social Behavior and
Personality. 2008, no. 36, pp. 1353-1364.
Gronlund H. Identity and volunteering intertwined:
Reflections on the Values of Young Adults. Voluntas, 2008, no. №22. URL:
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-011-9184-6 (Accessed 01.11.2017).
Handy F., Cnaan R., Hustinx L, Kang Ch., Brudney J.,
Haski-Leventhal D., Holmes K. et al. A Cross-Cultural Examination of Student
Volunteering: Is It All About Résumé Building? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector
Quarterly. 2010. Vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 498-523.
Houle B., Sagarin B., Kaplan M. A Functional Approach to
Volunteerism: Do Volunteer Motives Predict Task Preference? Basic and Applied
Social Psychology, 2005, no. 27(4), pp. 337–344.
Kang C., Handy F., Hunstinx L., Cnaan R. et al. What
Gives? Cross-National Differences in Students’ Giving Behavior. Social Science
Journal, 2011, no.48, pp. 283-294.
Lang D. The Motivational Bases of Voluntary Action: Why
Individuals Join Voluntary Organizations: A Thesis For the Degree Doctor of
Philosophy (Social Psychology). Hamilton, Ontario: McMaster University, 1984.
Mannino C., Snyder M., Omoto A. Why Do People Get
Involved? Motivations for Volunteerism and Other Forms of Action. In D.
Dunning, Social Motivation. New York, NY: Taylor & Francis, 2011, pp.
Matsuba M., Hart D., Atkins R. Psychological and Social
Structural Influences on Commitment to Volunteering. Journal of Research in
Personality, 2007, no. 41, pp. 889-907.
Musick M., Wilson J. Volunteers: a Social Profile.
Btoomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2008. 680 p.
Okun M., Pugliese J., Rook K. Unpacking the Relation
Between Extraversion and Volunteering in Later Life: The Role of Social
Capital. Personality and Individual Differences, 2007, no. 42, pp.
Omoto A., Snyder M., Hackett J. Personality and
Motivational Antecedents of Activism and Social Engagement. Journal of
Personality, 2010, no. 78, pp. 1703-1734.
Reed P., Selbee K. Distinguishing Characteristics of
Active Volunteers in Canada. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 2000.
Vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 571-592.
Rohs F. Social Background, Personality and Attitudinal
Factors Influencing the Decision to Volunteer and Level of Involvement Among
Adult 4-H Leaders. Journal of Voluntary Action Research, 1986, no. 15(1), pp.
Salamon L. Putting the Civil Society Sector on the
Economic Map of the World. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 2010,
no. 81, pp. 167-210.
Taniguchi H. Men's and Women's Volunteering: Gender
Differences in the Effects of Employment and Family Characteristics. Nonprofit
and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 2006. Vol. 35, no. 1. pp. 83-101.
Voicu B., Voicu M. Volunteers and Volunteering in Central
and Eastern Europe. Sociologia, 2009, no. 41, pp. 539-563.
Webb N., Abzug R. Do Occupational Group Members Vary in
Volunteering Activity? Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 2008. Vol. 37,
no. 4, pp. 689-708.
Wilhelm M., Bekkers R. Helping Behavior, Dispositional
Empathic Concern and the Principle of Care. Social Psychology Quarterly, 2010,
no. 73(1), pp. 11-32.
Wilson J. Volunteering. Annual Review of Sociology, 2000,
no. 26, pp. 215-240.
Wymer W. The Implications of Sex Differences on Volunteer
Preferences. International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations,
2011, no. 22(4), pp. 831-851.