Features of Interaction between Mothers and Children at an Early Age who were Placed in the Intensive Care Unit in Postnatal Period 421
Perinatal Psychologist, Center for Preparations for Childbirth and Parenthood "The Solar Circle", Moscow, Russia
perinatal psychologist, Center for Preparations for Childbirth and Parenthood "The Solar Circle", Moscow, Russia
It is known that the features of the perinatal period influence on the further mother-child interaction. This article presents the results of a comparative study of the interaction of mothers with children at an early age. The study was conducted in two groups. The experimental group included 69 dyads of mothers with prematurely born children and 26 dyads of mothers with children born on time, who were placed in the intensive care unit in the postpartum period. The control group consisted of 90 dyads of mothers with children who did not need resuscitation and hospitalization. The age of children at the time of the study is from 12 to 36 months. Methods: collection and analysis of anamnestic data from children's medical records, a questionnaire of mothers (a questionnaire for mothers Lantsburg M.E.), instrumental structured observation (quantitative and qualitative analysis of video recording of game actions of mother and child using the program The Observer XT Noldus and beyond). As a result of the study, a specificity was revealed in the mother-child interaction in dyads with a complicated postnatal period. Mothers of children who have been in intensive care in the postpartum period showed lower sensitivity and responsiveness in interaction with children than mothers of children with uncomplicated postnatal period.
Keywords: mother-child interaction, «mother-child» dyad, neonatal resuscitation, prematurely-born children, postnatal period, early age, maternal sensibility, maternal responsiveness, The Observer XT
Column: Developmental Psychology
Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful to project curator Ph.D. in Biology M.E. Lantsburg and to Ph.D. in Psychology E.V. Solovyeva for their helpful issues and support they lend at the study stage.
Arintsina I.A. Psikhicheskoe razvitie detei rannego
vozrasta posle operativnogo vmeshatel'stva v period novorozhdennosti v sisteme
vzaimodeistviya s blizkim vzroslym [Elektronnyi resurs] [Psychical development
of children at an early age after operative intervention during the neonatal
period in the system of interaction with an adult relative]. Izvestiya RGPU
im. A.I. Gertsena [Izvestia: Herzen University Journal of Humanities and
Science], 2009, no. 116. Available at:
Dolgikh A.G., Zakharova E.I. Osobennosti emotsional'nogo
vzaimodeistviya materi s rebenkom, zachatie kotorogo nastupilo s pomoshch'yu
EKO [Features of the emotional interaction of mother with child conceived
through in vitro fertilization]. Sbornik tezisov VI-oi Mezhdunarodnoi
konferentsii «Psikhologicheskie problemy sovremennoi sem'i» (Moskva, 30
sentyabrya — 4 oktyabrya. 2015g.) [Book of abstracts of the VI International
Conference «Psychological problems of modern family»]. Moscow: 2015, pp.
Voroshnina O.R. Psikhicheskoe razvitie prezhdevremenno
rodivshikhsya detei mladencheskogo vozrasta: teoreticheskie i prikladnye
aspekty [Elektronnyi resurs] [Psychical development of prematurely born
children at the first year: theoretic and practical aspects]. Perm': Publ.
PGPU, 2011. 100 p. Elektronnaya biblioteka MGPPU [Digital Library
MGPPU]. URL: http://www.psychlib.ru/inc/absid.php?absid=236093.
(Accessed 19.10.2016). (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
Ivanov. D.O. Narushenie teplovogo balansa u
novorozhdennykh detei [Deficit of thermal balance at newborn children]. Saint
Petersburg: Publ. N-L, 2012. 168 p.
Mukhamerakhimov R. Zh. Formy vzaimodeistviya materi i
mladentsa [Forms of mother-infant interactions]. Voprosy psikhologii
[Voprosy psihologii], 1994, no. 6, pp. 16—25.
Osnovnye pokazateli zdorov'ya materi i rebenka,
deyatel'nost' sluzhby okhrany detstva i rodovspomozheniya v Rossiiskoi
Federatsii [Basic indicators of maternal and child health, activities of state
department of protection of child health and obstetrics service in the Russian
Federation]. Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniya i sotsial'nogo razvitiya Rossiiskoi
Federatsii [Ministry of Healthcare and Social Development of the Russian
Federation]. Moscow: Publ. FGBU « TsNIIOIZ», 2013. 164 p.
Skvortsova V.I. Metodicheskoe pis'mo. Pervichnaya i
reanimatsionnaya pomoshch' novorozhdennym detyam. [methodological paper.
Primary and resuscitative care for newborns]. Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniya i
sotsial'nogo razvitiya Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Ministry of Healthcare and Social
Development of the Russian Federation]. Moscow: 2010. 44 p.
Solov'eva E.V. O materinskom otnoshenii k detyam rannego
vozrasta, zachatym posredstvom ekstrakorporal'nogo oplodotvoreniya [Elektronnyi
resurs] [On maternal attitude toward young children conceived through in vitro
fertilization] Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie PSYEDU.ru [Psychological
Science and Education PSYEDU.ru], 2014. Vol. 6, no 4. Available at:
http://psyedu.ru/journal/2014/4/Soloveva.phtml (Accessed: 20.11.2016). (In
Russ., Abstr. in Engl.).
Yakupova V.A., Zakharova E.I. Vnutrennyaya materinskaya
pozitsiya zhenshchin, beremennost' kotorykh nastupila s pomoshch'yu EKO
[Internal maternal position of women who became pregnant using IVF].
Natsional'nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal [National psychological
journal], 2015. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 96—104.
Baron I.S., Rey-Casserly C. Extremely preterm birth
outcome: a revive of four decades of cognitive research. Neuropsychology
Review, 2010. Vol. 20, pp. 430—452. doi: 10.1007/s11065-010-9132-7
Fuertes M., Faria A., Soares H., Critteneden P.
Developmental and evolutionary assumption in study about the impact of
premature birth and low income on mother-infant interaction. Acta
Ethologica, 2009, no. 12, pp. 1—11. doi: 10.1007//s10211-008-0051-1
Holditch-Davis D., Sandelowski M., Harris B.G. Effect of
infertility on mothers’ and fathers’ interactions with young infants.
Journal of reproductive and infant psychology, 1999. Vol.17, no. 2, pp.
Rahkonen P., Heinonen K., Pesonen A. Mother-child
interaction is associated with neurocognitive outcome in extremely low
gestational age children. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 2014. Vol.
4, no. 55, pp. 311—318. doi: http://eds/mgppu/ru:5013/10.1111/sjop.12133
Tanimura Ch.S. Mother’s subjective experience of
separation from her premature infant at birth. Clinical Dissertation.
Pepperdine University. USA: 2006. p. 157.
Howson C.P., Kinney M.V., Lawn J.E. Born too soon: the
global action report on preterm birth. World Health Organization.
Geneva: 2012. 126 p.