Diagnostic Conversation Aimed at Identifying the Psychological Conditions of a Child's Safe Living of the Crisis of Seven Years 597
PhD in Psychology, Dean of Psychology and Social Work Faculty, Professor of Department of Educational Psychology and Development , Volgograd State Social-pedagogical University, Volgograd, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Education and Development Psychology, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, Russia
The article presents a description of the diagnostic conversation, which allows to identify some psychological conditions of a child's well-being of the age crisis of 6–7 years. The methodical procedure is relevant to psychodiagnostic tasks of the psychologist of the educational system. In the construction of the diagnostic conversation the authors proceeded from the theoretical positions of L. S. Vygotsky, D.B. Elkonin et al., considering the psychological content of the crisis age through the prism of its components, as the social situation of development, leading activities and age-related psychological tumors. The authors associate the successful living of the crisis of seven years with age-related psychological neoplasms in the sphere of the child's self-consciousness. The conversation is carried out using the elements of materialization that help the child, based on a schematic representation, to express attitude to the success of performing other types of activities presented in the plot pictures. Content analysis of lexical products obtained in a specially organized conversation with a child, allows to determine in 6–7-year-old children new qualitative characteristics of self-esteem (differentiation and validity), the ability to distinguish between I-real and I-ideal.
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