Diagnostic Conversation Aimed at Identifying the Psychological Conditions of a Child's Safe Living of the Crisis of Seven Years 366
, PhD in Psychology, Dean of Psychology and Social Work Faculty, Professor of Department of Educational Psychology and Development , Volgograd State Social-pedagogical University, Volgograd, Russia, email@example.comShashlova G.M.
, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Education and Development Psychology, Volgograd State Socio-Pedagogical University, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents a description of the diagnostic conversation, which allows to identify some psychological conditions of a child's well-being of the age crisis of 6–7 years. The methodical procedure is relevant to psychodiagnostic tasks of the psychologist of the educational system. In the construction of the diagnostic conversation the authors proceeded from the theoretical positions of L. S. Vygotsky, D.B. Elkonin et al., considering the psychological content of the crisis age through the prism of its components, as the social situation of development, leading activities and age-related psychological tumors. The authors associate the successful living of the crisis of seven years with age-related psychological neoplasms in the sphere of the child's self-consciousness. The conversation is carried out using the elements of materialization that help the child, based on a schematic representation, to express attitude to the success of performing other types of activities presented in the plot pictures. Content analysis of lexical products obtained in a specially organized conversation with a child, allows to determine in 6–7-year-old children new qualitative characteristics of self-esteem (differentiation and validity), the ability to distinguish between I-real and I-ideal.
Anan'ev B.G. K postanovke problemy razvitiya detskogo
samosoznaniya [To the formulation of the problem of the development of
children̕s self-consciousness]. Izbrannye psikhol. trudy. V 2 t. T. 2.
Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika, 1980. pp. 103–127.
Andrushchenko T.Yu. Psikhologicheskie usloviya
formirovaniya samootsenki v mladshem shkol'nom vozraste [Psychological
conditions for the formation of self-esteem in primary school age]. Voprosy
psikhologii [The Issues Relevant to Psychology], 1978, no. 4, pp.
Andrushchenko T.Yu., Shashlova G.M. Krizis razvitiya
rebenka semi let: diagnosticheskaya i korrektsionno-razvivayushchaya rabota
psikhologa [The developmental crisis of a seven-year-old child: diagnostic and
correctional-developmental work of a psychologist]. Moscow: Publ. «Akademiya»,
2003. 96 p.
Andrushchenko T.Yu., Shashlova G.M. Diagnostika
soderzhaniya obshcheniya 6–7-letnikh detei s blizkimi vzroslymi [Diagnosis of
the content of communication 6–7-year-old children with close adults].
Psikholog v detskom sadu [Psychologist in kindergarten],
2000, no. 4, pp. 39–53.
Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost' i ee formirovanie v detskom
vozraste [Personality and its formation in childhood]. Saint-Petersburg: Publ.
Piter, 2008. 400 p.
Vygotskii L.S. Sobranie sochinenii [Collected Works]: V 6
t. T. 4. Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika, 1984. 432 p.
Ermolova T.V., Meshcheryakova S.Yu., Ganoshenko N.I.
Osobennosti lichnostnogo razvitiya doshkol'nikov v predkrizisnoi faze i na
etape krizisa semi let [Features of personal development of preschool children
in the pre-crisis phase and at the stage of the crisis of seven years].
Voprosy psikhologii [The Issues Relevant to Psychology],
1999, no. 1, pp. 50–60.
Lisina M.I. Problemy ontogeneza obshcheniya [Problems of
communication ontogeny]. Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika, 1986. 143 p.
El'konin D.B. (eds), Osobennosti psikhicheskogo razvitiya
detei 6–7-letnego vozrasta [Features of the mental development of children 6–7
years of age]. Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika, 1988. 136 p.
Polivanova K.N. Vozrastnye krizisy glazami psikhologa i
pedagoga [Age crises through the eyes of a psychologist and teacher].
Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and
Education], 1997, no. 2, pp. 57–61.
Polivanova K.N. Psikhologiya vozrastnykh krizisov
[Psychology of age crises]. Moscow: Publ. «Akademiya», 2000. 184 p.
Smirnova E.O. K probleme voli i proizvol'nosti v
kul'turno-istoricheskoi psikhologii [To the problem of will and arbitrariness
in cultural-historical psychology]. Kul'turno-istoricheskaya
psikhologiya [Cultural-Historical psychology], 2015. Vol. 11,
no. 3, pp. 9–15. doi:10.17759/chp.2015110302
Chesnokova I.I. Problema samosoznaniya v psikhologii [The
problem of self-consciousness in psychology]. Moscow: Publ. Nauka, 1977. 143
Shashlova G.M. Razvivayushchee obshchenie v
pedagogicheskom vzaimodeistvii [Developmental communication in pedagogical
interaction]. Psikhologiya obucheniya [Learning psychology],
2007, no. 11, pp. 29–39.
El'konin D.B. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie Trudy [Selected
psychological works]. Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika, 1989. 560 p.